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Mary E. Holocaust testimony (HVT-260) interviewed by Dana L. Kline,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-260

Video testimony of Mary E., who was born in Łódź, Poland in 1909. Mrs. E. describes her comfortable childhood; observance of the Jewish holidays; a year of university in Brussels; pharmacy school in Warsaw; and her marriage before the war. She recalls the outbreak of war on September 1, 1939; moving to the ghetto; working as a pharmacist; witnessing atrocities, particularly the round-up of children; hunger; the Judenrat; ghetto humor; and the deportations. Mrs. E. recounts being deported with her husband; separation from him on the train; arrival in Ravensbrück; forced labor repairing bombed airplanes; and her deteriorating physical condition. She relates being discovered as a pharmacist by a Russian nurse who was a prisoner-of-war; her work assignment as the nurse's assistant; and her belief that this was a miracle which saved her. Mrs. E. recalls the deprivation and suffering; her belief that she would not survive; liberation by Soviet troops; returning to Łódź; encounters with antisemitism in Poland; her reunion with her husband; moving to Germany; life in the Föhrenwald displaced persons camp; the birth of her daughter; and emigration to the United States. Mrs. E. eloquently discusses her inability to communicate her experiences because she feels as if she is from a "different planet," the impact on her daughter, and the importance of her grandchildren and what she would like them to learn in the future.

E., Mary, 1909-
New Haven, Conn. : Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies at Yale, 1984
Interview Date
March 21, 1984.
Łódź (Poland)
Warsaw (Poland)
Munich (Germany)
Brussels (Belgium)
3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Mary E. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-260). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.