Karoline H. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1124) interviewed by Barbara Hadley Katz and Helen Katz
- New Haven, Conn. : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1988
- Interview Date
- December 15, 1988.
- 3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Karoline H. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1124). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Karoline H., who was born in Barmen, near Wuppertal, Germany in 1911. Mrs. H. recalls childhood in a comfortable, non-observant family; lack of early exposure to antisemitism; attending the University of Freiburg, where she was mistaken for an "Aryan" by Nazi students; working in her parents' store after being barred from law school; her older brother's marriage to a Catholic in 1934; increasing antisemitic restrictions; her parents' naiveté about Nazism; and marriage to a naturalized Dutch Jew in 1936. She describes deteriorating conditions in Danzig (where her husband had a business); her son's birth in 1937; moving to Amsterdam in mid-1938; after Kristallnacht, persuading her parents to join them; German occupation of Holland; and escape attempts (during one they were apprehended and released by a sympathetic German officer). She relates months of hiding; their escape in 1942 with false papers via Belgium, France and Spain to Paramaribo, Dutch Guyana; postwar reunion with her brother; and learning of the deportation and killing of her parents.