Ilona S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1102) interviewed by Jolly Zeleny
- New Haven, Conn. : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1988
- Interview Date
- August 17, 1988.
- 3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Ilona S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1102). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Ilona S., who was born in Maria-Theresiopel, Hungary (today Subotica, Yugoslavia), in 1909. Mrs. S. tells of her family's move to Đakovo in 1914; relocation to Osijek a few years later; marriage in 1929; the death of a brother; birth of her daughters in 1930 and 1933; her husband's reluctance to emigrate and leave his parents; the 1941 German invasion; and her husband's capture and internment in Osnabrück as a Yugoslav POW. She recalls seizure of the family's assets and apartment; deportation of her other brother to Jasenovac (where he died in 1945); hiding her daughters with a Croatian woman; deportation of her in-laws in August 1942; escaping in disguise with Muslims to Sarajevo, then Mostar; reunion with her daughters; internment by the Italians on the resort island of Lopud; transfer to the island camp of Rab; and Italian capitulation. She relates their escape to the mainland; hiding in forests and begging for food; arrival in Topusko in February 1945; liberation by Partisan forces; reunion with her husband (who had escaped and joined the Partisans); and their emigration to Israel in 1948.