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Pola J. Holocaust testimony (HVT-640) interviewed by Pam Goodman and Gabriele Schiff,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-640

Videotape testimony of Pola J., who was born in Rovno, Poland in 1927, and raised in the shtetl Antonówka. Mrs. J. describes mutual respect among Jews, Poles and Ukrainians; a school teacher who tried to incite anti-Semitic conflict; Soviet occupation; her mother's refusal to flee east in 1941; robberies and killings by Ukrainians; forced labor; and being sent by her mother to sleep with a Ukrainian family. She tells of her mother's disappearance in Rovno in mid-1942; fleeing with her father, brother, and aunt to the woods; being caught and nearly killed in October 1942; building a bunker; a Polish friend who arranged their shelter with a peasant; her father's and brother's capture and killing in April 1943; and her aunt's death in May. She relates betrayal by the Ukrainian who had formerly sheltered her; finding her cousin and his family in the forest near Kamenka; hiding with them; liberation in January 1944; searching for her mother in Rovno; going to Łódź, then illegally to Austria; life in Bindermichl displaced persons camp; marriage to a survivor; his murder while visiting Poland; and her emigration to America in 1950.

J., Pola, 1927-
New York, N.Y. : Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies at Yale, 1985
Interview Date
November 11, 1985.
Antonovka (Ukraine)
Kamenka-Bugskai︠a︡ (Ukraine)
Rivne (Rivnensʹka oblastʹ, Ukraine)
3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Pola J. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-640). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
View in Yale University Library Catalog:
Record last modified: 2018-03-06 14:08:00
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