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War Crimes Commission: Breendonck, Hanover, Arnstadt Concentration Camps

Film | Digitized | Accession Number: 1994.119.1 | RG Number: RG-60.0852 | Film ID: 830

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    War Crimes Commission: Breendonck, Hanover, Arnstadt Concentration Camps

    Overview

    Description
    "Breendonck" Views of Breendonck camp in Belgium. EXTs of prison used to house Belgian patriots. Blood-stained coffins are exhibited as evidence of brutality Inmates demonstrate the methods used against the prisoners, such as beatings with barbed wire poles, chaining them into a vise, thumb screws. Victims reveal results of beatings and cigarette burns; a woman also reveals scars on her hips.

    "Hanover Concentration Camp" General views of the camp where only 200 remained of 10,000 Poles. INTs of the camp, few remaining inmates mill about. VS, Red Cross clubmobiles enter, issue hot soup, cigarettes, and clothing. CUs, painful faces of survivors of Nazi brutality; men eating. U.S. soldiers. MCUs, inmate lying in bunk weeps; two are bunked together in order to keep warm. Removal of the inmates having died after the U.S. Army occupation. CU, corpse. The dead are carried out and buried. Inmates relate horrors. U.S. soldier documents survivors with photo camera.

    "Arnstadt Concentration Camp" EXTs of camp housing Poles and Russian prisoners. Narrator states that most captives were removed prior to the occupation by Allied troops; those unable to be removed were shot to death. MSs, dog kennels which housed the watchdogs used to guard the campsite. VS, exhumation of corpses by German civilians of the area. CUs, corpses. U.S. troops review the bodies laid out on the ground.
    Duration
    00:06:22
    Date
    Event:  1945
    Production:  1945
    Locale
    Breendonck, Belgium
    Hannover, Germany
    Arnstadt, Germany
    Credit
    Accessed at United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of National Archives & Records Administration
    Contributor
    Director: James B. Donovan
    Director: E. R. Kellogg
    Director: George C. Stevens
    Producer: United States. Army. Signal Corps.
    Biography
    James B. Donovan. United States Navy Commander. Associate Prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials, where he coordinated and presented all Nazi films at the trials. General Counsel to OSS. Negotiated the exchange of Bay of Pigs prisoners with Fidel Castro as an independent lawyer under backdrop of the missile crisis, securing the freedom of nearly 10,000 people. Portrayed by Tom Hanks in "Bridge of Spies".
    United States Navy Lieutenant E. R. Kellogg certifies motion pictures of Nazi concentration camps in an affidavit presented in the "Nazi Concentration Camps" film by the Americans as evidence during the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. Kellogg had expertise in motion picture and photographic techniques through his employment with Twentieth Century Fox Studios in California from 1929 to 1941. He attests that he has thoroughly examined the concentration camp liberation films of the Army Signal Corps and found them to be unaltered, genuine, and true copies of the originals in the U.S. Army Signal Corps vaults.
    George Stevens (December 18, 1904 – March 8, 1975) was an American film director, producer, screenwriter and cinematographer. During World War II, Stevens joined the U.S. Army Signal Corps and headed a film unit from 1943 to 1946 under General Eisenhower. His unit shot footage documenting D-Day — including the only Allied European Front color film of the war — the liberation of Paris and the meeting of American and Soviet forces at the Elbe River, as well as horrific scenes from the Duben labor camp and the Dachau concentration camp. Stevens also helped prepare the Duben and Dachau footage and other material for presentation during the Nuremberg Trials. In 2008, his footage was entered into the U.S. National Film Registry by the Librarian of Congress as an "essential visual record" of World War II.

    Physical Details

    Language
    Mixed
    Genre/Form
    Documentary.
    B&W / Color
    Black & White
    Image Quality
    Good
    Time Code
    04:23:02:00 to 04:29:24:00
    Film Format
    • Master
    • Master 830 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - small
      Master 830 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - small
      Master 830 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - small
      Master 830 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - small
    • Preservation
    • Preservation 830 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - small
      Preservation 830 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - small
      Preservation 830 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - small
      Preservation 830 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - small

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    You do not require further permission from the Museum to access this archival media.
    Copyright
    Public Domain
    Conditions on Use
    To the best of the Museum's knowledge, this material is in the public domain. You do not require further permission from the Museum to reproduce or use this material.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Film Provenance
    The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum purchased this from the National Archives and Records Administration in September 1994.
    Note
    Reel 3 of The Nazi Concentration Camps, NARA 238.2.
    Duplicate footage on Film ID 893, Story 2041 and Film ID 2272, Story 2438
    The USHMM contains a 16mm film print of "Nazi Concentration Camps" from National Audiovisual Center. However, there is no direct video transfer from this print. The National Archives and Records Administration contains six 35mm reels of "Nazi Concentration Camps" under original archive number 238.2. The USHMM did not obtain a copy of these reels either. Instead, the USHMM owns each subject separately, ordered by a US Army Signal Corps (111 ADC) number. The USHMM also holds a copy from the National Center for Jewish Film cataloged as RG-60.2629, Film ID 2322. Original unedited segments of Arnstadt are located on RG-60.0005, Film ID 2 (111 ADC 3961)

    "Nazi Concentration Camps" was compiled as evidence and shown at the Nuremberg Trials on November 29, 1945 as Prosecution Exhibit #230. It contains film evidence of Nazi atrocities at the concentration camps of Leipzig, Penig, Ohrdruf, Hadamar, Breendonck, Hanover, Arnstadt, Nordhausen, Mauthausen, Buchenwald, Dachau, and Belsen. The film was produced for the U.S. Counsel for Prosecution of Axis Criminality in 1945. It was directed by Navy Cmdrs. James B. Donovan and E. Ray Kellogg. George C. Stevens was responsible for directing the photography and filming of the concentration camps as liberated by Allied forces. The film has also been called "Concentration Camps in Germany, 1939-1945".
    Copied From
    35mm b/w print
    Film Source
    United States. National Archives and Records Administration. Motion Picture Reference
    File Number
    Legacy Database File: 228
    Source Archive Number: 111 ADC 8570
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-21 07:53:16
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn1000183

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