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Westerbork labor

Film | Digitized | Accession Number: 1992.246.1 | RG Number: RG-60.0819 | Film ID: 519

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    Westerbork labor


    Slave labor at Westerbork transit camp. Recycling metals - men working at tables, putting things into baskets and barrels marked Kupfer [copper], Messing [brass], etc. Forward tracking shot through shop past workers, including at least one woman. Man with goggles and sledge hammer working outside on metal rods. (Some scenes marred by camera fault). Close view of men at work table, in assorted clothing and assorted markings. Some have stars; armbands are present on most. Women pulling wire through boards, in a circle. Some have stars. Closeup of hands and tangled wires. Men at work table working with gloved hands. Agfa/End.
    Film Title
    Event:  1944 May 19
    Production:  1944
    Westerbork, Netherlands
    Accessed at United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Nederlands Instituut voor Beeld en Geluid
    Producer: Albert K. Gemmeker
    Camera Operator: Rudolf Breslauer
    Lagerkommandantur Westerbork
    Rudolf Breslauer (1903-1944) was a photographer and lithographer by trade, educated at the Academy for Art Photography in Germany. He was married to Bella Weihsmann and had three children: Stephan, Mischa, and Ursula. They fled Leipzig and settled in the Netherlands in 1938. In the summer of 1940, non-Dutch Jews were forced to leave Leiden because the city was near the sea. The Breslauers moved to a boarding house in Alphen aan de Rijn and left for Utrecht shortly thereafter. On February 11, 1942, they were sent to Westerbork, where Rudolf Breslauer was ordered to make passport photos of incoming camp prisoners and film daily life in Westerbork. In the spring of 1944, the camp commander commissioned Breslauer to make what would later be known as the Westerbork-film. In September 1944, Breslauer and his family were deported to Theresienstadt with other privileged prisoners and subsequently deported to Auschwitz in October 1944. Only Ursula survived the camp.

    Physical Details

    B&W / Color
    Black & White
    Image Quality
    Time Code
    00:10:31:00 to 00:15:21:00
    Film Format
    • Master
    • Master 519 Video: One Inch - NTSC
      Master 519 Video: One Inch - NTSC
      Master 519 Video: One Inch - NTSC
      Master 519 Video: One Inch - NTSC
    • Preservation
    • Preservation 519 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - small
      Preservation 519 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - small
      Preservation 519 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - small
      Preservation 519 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - small

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    You do not require further permission from the Museum to access this archival media.
    Public Domain
    Conditions on Use
    To the best of the Museum's knowledge, this material is in the public domain. You do not require further permission from the Museum to reproduce or use this material.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Film Provenance
    The film footage was purchased by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in July 1992 from the Rijksvoorlichtingsdienst Film-en fotoarchief van de Rijksvoorlichtingsdienst in the Hague, Netherlands.
    See Wild Tape W87 for 3/4" and VHS PAL version of this footage.

    This film was commissioned by camp commander Konrad Gemmeker to convince the Gestapo headquarters of Westerbork's vital production value. The Jewish prisoner Werner (Rudolf) Breslauer documented activities at the transit camp with a 16mm film camera. Discovered after liberation, the footage contains some of the most famous and often reproduced images of deportation. The Westerbork-film was nominated for inclusion in the UNESCO Memory of the World Register of documentary heritage in 2017.
    Film Source
    Rijksvoorlichtingsdienst Film-en fotoarchief
    File Number
    Legacy Database File: 1123
    Source Archive Number: 2-1167 akte 1
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-21 07:53:15
    This page:

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