Army film showing Nazi aggression, refugees, FDR & Hull
Orientation Film no. 7, Reel 5. International events cause the US to enter into World War II. Cranes move scraps of metal in a junkyard and protestors carry picket signs saying "Embargo Japan." A sign over a doorway reads, "Mr. Acheson Assistant Secretary of State." Dean Acheson sits at a desk and summarizes the conflicts involved with exporting goods to Japan.
05:22:15 "April 9, 1940." Hitler looks over a map with other Nazi officials. A graphic shows the Nazi party taking over Western Europe. "May 10, 1940" is superimposed on a CU of soldiers marching in boots. People sit in their homes and listen to the radio. Refugees flee on bikes and wagons. German planes fly overhead and fire at the people below. Men sit around a car and lean in to hear the news on the radio. More people are gathered around radios as VO tells of Nazi victory and English retreat to Dunkirk. A plane drops bombs into the water where people swim to a ship. A man sits in a barber shop and reads a paper with the headline, "Italy Enters War." FDR gives a speech saying, "The hand that held the dagger has struck it in the back of its neighbor."
05:23:28 "June 22nd 1940." Men operate the radio at a station and a family listens in their living room. Hitler, Goering and Admiral Doenitz walk past soldiers standing at attention and Hitler salutes. General Huntzinger leads French officials down an avenue. Hitler and other German officials rise as the French enter a train cabin. A Nazi flag is lowered over a statue. A father changes the radio channel from the news to music and "The Last Time I Saw Paris" is playing. A Nazi flag is raised up a pole, a soldier laughs and street cafes are bare. German soldiers march through the Arc de Triomphe and more pass by on horses. A man wipes away tears. Hitler salutes from a train bearing the swastika. A car rolls through Paris's barren streets, passing landmarks. Hitler stands with officials and looks at the Eiffel Tower. Overview shot of Nazis parading through Paris.
05:25:27 A map of France is stamped with a swastika. German soldiers raise a cannon and it fires. Another map shows how countries captured by the Nazis had possessions outside of Europe and very close to the US. The narrator shares how over one million Germans lived in Brazil and operated as though they were in Germany. Children attend German schools with German teachers and textbooks. Nazi newspapers are printed and a man climbs into a plane at a club. "Also in Brazil, there were 260,000 Japanese taking orders from Japan."
05:26:28 A map illustrates how the Nazis occupying Ecuador are within reach of bombing the Panama Canal. German airlines are established in Ecuador and the planes are all built with bomb racks. Text reads, "Argentina." A sign announces German athletic clubs similar to the Hitler Youth movement. A boy throws a discus and storefronts show "A fifth column ready to take over." "Havana Conference For the Defense of the Americas July 22, 1940" is superimposed on a scene of the beach. Men gather in a courtroom and Secretary of State Cordell Hull gives a speech asking for hemispheric solidarity. A map of the Western Hemisphere has a fence drawn around it and a sign saying "Keep Out" is posted on the Panama Canal.
05:27:32 FDR stands before Congress and asks for funds to prepare the Army and Navy. Men sit behind rows of desks looking over papers, aircrafts are constructed and a naval ship is built. US troops march in formation. A map shows the Army, Navy and Air Force totaling 330,000 men. Soldiers train with pipes for guns, bags of flour for bombs and trucks with "tank" painted on the side. Real machine guns, field artillery and tanks are shown and the narrator describes America's short supply. Troops march through streets and onto a train. A man kisses a woman goodbye.
05:29:10 Congress passes the Selective Service Act and President Roosevelt draws the serial number of draftee 158. A man pulls of his work hat and apron, another pulls a bottle off a shop shelf and another man looks up from his desk and smiles. The President announces more numbers and men are shown leaving their work or families. A sign is put in a laundry shop window reading, "Closing Up Drafted." Boys receive physicals and are sworn in. Men march down the street and one person carries a sign saying, "Goodbye Philly Hello Ft. Meade." More men march through a camp wearing uniforms and carrying rifles.
05:30:35 German airplanes lift off and a map illustrates them attacking Britain. Edward R. Murrow reports from London as an air raid takes place. Guns fire, a plane is blown up in the sky, and a sign states, "public air raid shelter 300 persons." People in the shelter look up in fear. Firefighters put out smoking buildings. Shot of "Main St." sign. A man stops in front of a shop window and reads news of the war in Britain. A swastika is superimposed over British ships. Rows of US destroyers from World War I sit in the harbor. Men in Navy uniforms march past. 50 ships are revitalized and sent to Great Britain.
- Film Title
War Comes to America
- Accessed at United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of National Archives & Records Administration
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 21:57:21
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