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Concentration camps; liberation; atrocities

Film | Digitized | Accession Number: 1988.184.1 | RG Number: RG-60.0361 | Film ID: 158

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    Concentration camps; liberation; atrocities

    Overview

    Description
    Clips of Dachau, Buchenwald, Mauthausen, Ludwigslust, Ohrdruf, Leipzig, and Gardelegen. Sequence from the pre-completed and pre-restored version of "German Concentration Camps Factual Survey," formerly known as “Memory of the Camps,” transmitted by WGBH/PBS FRONTLINE in May 1985 with commentary specially recorded by the actor Trevor Howard. Narrator's voice is not heard throughout.



    HAS, Buchenwald. Opening gates at camp; survivors in striped uniforms; men in bunks. British soldiers show survivors (living skeleton men) to camera. CUs, survivors, on litters, corpses, ovens. Clothing set aside for disinfection; snow; rail cars. 06:49:15 Dachau signs. 06:49:34 Buchenwald, bodies, corpses, tattoos, survivors behind barbed wire. 06:50 Ebensee, barbed wire, CUs survivors, chimney. 06:51:29 Black Flag, men put bodies out. 06:51:44 Pan of Mauthausen camp. Man holding living corpse. Pile of corpses. 06:52:20 Oven. 06:52:21 Ludwigslust map. 06:52:30 Ohrdruf camp shot. Bodies lying on ground. Camp; barracks; charred remains of bodies; fire pit. 06:53:29 Leipzig. Open pit; man near bucket (dead); CU charred bodies. 06:54:50 Gardelegen. Map; barracks; charred bodies; dead trying to escape under a house; CU bodies. 06:56:21 Map of Auschwitz. 06:56:32 ends abruptly.
    Duration
    00:12:47
    Date
    Production:  1945
    Locale
    Dachau, Germany
    Buchenwald, Germany
    Mauthausen, Austria
    Ludwigslust, Germany
    Ohrdruf, Germany
    Leipzig, Germany
    Gardelegen, Germany
    Credit
    Accessed at United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Imperial War Museums
    Contributor
    Narrator: Trevor Howard

    Physical Details

    Language
    English
    Genre/Form
    Documentary.
    B&W / Color
    Black & White
    Image Quality
    Good
    Time Code
    06:43:44:00 to 06:56:31:00
    Film Format
    • Master
    • Master 158 Video: One Inch - NTSC
      Master 158 Video: One Inch - NTSC
      Master 158 Video: One Inch - NTSC
      Master 158 Video: One Inch - NTSC
    • Preservation
    • Preservation 158 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 158 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 158 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large
      Preservation 158 Video: Betacam SP - NTSC - large

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    You do not require further permission from the Museum to access this archival media.
    Copyright
    Imperial War Museums
    Conditions on Use
    For licensing enquiries and requests, contact Imperial War Museums (IWM) at filmcommercial@iwm.org.uk. IWM also offers limited services for non-commercial parties, such as for museums, armed forces, veterans and their immediate family, family history researchers, and students. For such purposes, contact film@iwm.org.uk.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Film Provenance
    The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum purchased the collection from various sources in 1988. Footage was obtained as research for the United States Holocaust Memorial Campaign's promotional video called "A Campaign to Remember" by David Haspel & Associates.
    Note
    See also Story 2597 and 2598, Film ID 1000 where this film screened in part as a Welt im Film newsreel, issue no. 5.

    Film Summary: "F3080" was the name given to a project to compile a documentary film on Nazi atrocities the liberation of the German concentration camps. In 2014, the IWM completed a new restoration of this film, now called"German Concentration Camps Factual Survey." The project originated in February 1945 in the Psychological Warfare Division of SHAEF (Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force). Sidney Bernstein, chief of PWD's Film Section, began preparations for producing a film using material shot by the service and newsreel cameramen accompanying the British, American, and Russian armies. As the Allied forces advanced in the final weeks leading up to the German surrender, cameramen of the British Army Film Unit and of the American Army Pictorial Service began to make a systematic record of the newly liberated concentration camps. By early May 1945, the British Ministry of Information and the American Office of War Information began collaborating on the collation and rough-cutting of the film material. During that summer of 1945 some of the editing was done under the direction of Alfred Hitchcock. Five of the film's six reels survived in a 55-minute fine-cut print without titles or credits. In 1952 the five reels, together with an undated, unsigned typed narration which closely matched the edited film, were transferred from the British War Office film vaults to London's Imperial War Museum. IWM gave the film the title "Memory of the Camps." A shot list dated May 7, 1946 suggested that the missing sixth reel comprised Russian film of the liberation of Auschwitz and Majdanek; but this reel had been left in Moscow in the hands of the Russian cameramen who shot it.

    In May 1985, PBS FRONTLINE added the script and asked the late British actor, Trevor Howard, to record it. The aim was to present the film unedited, as close as possible to what the producers intended in 1945. PBS FRONTLINE broadcast this incomplete version under the title "Memory of the Camps" on television. For more information, reefer to: https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/camp/.
    Copied From
    35mm; b/w
    Film Source
    David Haspel & Associates
    File Number
    Legacy Database File: 2024
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-21 07:55:53
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn1001482

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