UJA officials in Israel
Private footage taken on a trip to Israel by Julian Venezky. Venezky worked with Henry Montor and others on fundraising activities for the United Jewish Appeal. Together with Samuel Rothberg, Venezky also raised substantial funds for the Hebrew University in Jerusalem.
A man sits on a lawn with a young girl on his knee and she kisses him on the cheek. He gets up and waves as he walks away. Panning shots of ocean, beach and boardwalk. Underexposed shots of a woman walking out of a restaurant and a sign reading "Hotel Gat-Rimmon." Middle-aged men stand by a car and talk. Julian Venezky walks toward the camera with a cigar in his mouth. People smile at the camera. Dark shots of a man (Henry Montor?) as he sits and converses with an older woman.
Out of focus scenes shot from a moving car. Car drives past small huts, then passes people walking along the road. Panning shot of area with dilapidated looking buildings, probably a camp for new immigrants to Israel. People walk around, a man works on a tractor, and boys stand with a bike. Men work out of doors. A woman stands with her arm around a young girl in a field while a man talks to her. Several shots of men and women holding and walking with small children. Footage is intermittently dark and out of focus. Good shot of men and children as they smile at the camera. Panning shot of the camp shows rows of tents, refugees walking around, and a vegetable patch. Pan of tents and surrounding landscape, past an incongruous black car. More shots of tents, buildings, outhouses.
01:04:52 UJA official Samuel Rothberg (tall man with dark hair) speaks to camp residents. Under a tent, men have their hair cut and beards shaven (soft focus). 01:05:40 Julian Venezky looks at the camera, then walks toward it, with a car and city buildings in the background (black and white). 01:06:07 Rudolf Sonneborn walks into the frame (color).
A little girl and boy stand under laundry hanging on a line. Nice shot of a family standing in a doorway. Shot pans across hills and a valley where rows of trees grow. Workers sit on bales of hay. Sonneborn and Venezky talk to residents.
Underexposed panning shot of a ship, where people stand on deck and look towards the camera. People disembark and others smile through portholes. WS of passenger ship and others docked in the harbor. 01:08:31 Dr. Chaim Weizmann, Israel's first President, stands outside a doorway and shakes a woman's hand. People stand around taking pictures. A sign above the door reads, "Weizmann Institute of Science" in both Hebrew and English. Back to the ship we saw earlier, or another ship, which is filled with people who lean on the railings and look at the shore (soft focus). Panning shot of surrounding hillside.
People sit among their luggage and belongings on the ship. Some look up at the cameraman and smile. Dark interior shots. 01:09:58 Samuel Rothberg and Julian Venezky walk out of the Weizmann Institute of Science. Panning shots of building and hillside. Samuel Rothberg and another man stand outdoors, talking. Julian Venezky sits on a porch and points things out for the camera. Samuel Rothberg walks toward the camera and makes a teasing gesture at the cameraman. Distant shot of Venezky. 01:11:20 Julian Venezy and Samuel Rothberg stand with two men and a woman in a doorway. The same group walks along a path and then leans casually on a convertible car. Scenes shot from inside a moving car include: people on the road, an auto junkyard (?) behind a fence, soldiers in a Jeep.
Record last modified: 2020-02-04 10:39:08
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Also in Julian B. Venezky Collection
Robert Wertheimer donated a collection of films belonging to his late father-in-law, Julian B. Venezky, an American Jew active in efforts to help Holocaust survivors emigrate to the new state of Israel. The films document the United Jewish Appeal’s (UJA) work and missions to Israel in the late 1940s. The footage in Shadows of Hate (a 1947 March of Time production created on behalf of the UJA), UJA Report from Israel (1948), and Visiting the Jewish State (1948) show Jewish displaced persons arriving in Israel, temporary encampments for refugees, and Kibbutz Buchenwald, among other scenes. The collection also contains a reel of private film Venezky shot while on a trip to Israel.
Title card reads, "UJA Report from Israel." Immigrants wave from a ship's deck while the narrator explains that these are Holocaust survivors arriving in Israel from Europe. Survivors disembark in Haifa as a crowd waits on the dock behind a fence. People sort through luggage and other belongings. A man stacks blankets and a woman searches for her baby carriage among several others. Items are loaded onto a truck which then takes immigrants to a camp. Dramatic CU of International Herald Tribune headlines: "Heavy Burden Of Immigrants Strains Israel," "Situation Called Explosive,"(article written by Ruth Gruber) and "Bitter Immigrants in Israel Ask Homes in Crowded Land." Several panning shots of seemingly endless rows of tents in the camp. The narrator says, "Today, more than 68,000 are living in these tents. Did we say living? Sad exaggeration." A man rests on a cot, flies swarm around a little girl's face and a mother rocks her baby in a hammock. The narrator says that the sun and enforced idleness plague the residents of the camp, but they find productive work where they can. A woman sews and hangs laundry on a line. The narrator comments on inadequate medical care: only 50 hospital beds are available for 11,000 residents at Pardes Hanna camp. An old woman lies sick in her tent, tended by a young girl. Women hold crying children waiting to see a doctor, two scrawny chickens tied to a rock, and a baby covered with flies, as is a bowl of food. A woman must walk half a mile for water. People walk down a dusty road toward a distant and primitive outhouse. O1:06:06 Immigrants stand in line to get food while the narrator comments that "they thought they were through standing in line when the left the DP camps." A few people argue while they wait. Interior shots of people eating in a dining hall. The narrator asks whether this situation is the fault of American Jewry. More shots of people in the camp. Immigrants pass each other walking on the road, a man with one leg uses crutches. The narrator pleads for donations to the United Jewish Appeal to help get these people out of these camps. Shot of man walking away from the camera carrying a child.
This film may show part of the UJA's "Destiny Drive" fundraiser, during which officials from the United Jewish Appeal philanthropic organization spent four weeks visiting Europe and Israel. Titles on screen: "Visiting the Jewish State," "Journey in Israel of the United Jewish Appeal Overseas Delegation," "Photographed by Lasar Dunner," and "Tel Aviv - only all-Jewish city in the world." CU hand draws a circle in red pencil around Tel Aviv on a map. Cars and bicycles pass on city streets. A man in a military uniform looks at advertisements posted on a freestanding pillar. Title on screen: "Former Arab villages damaged by war." Several shots of buildings in ruins. Title: "At the wine cellars in Rishon le Zion." A large group of people walk out of a building, presumably a winery. A man drinks alcohol straight from a bottle. A number of people film and take pictures of a man riding down the street on a white horse. 01:02:30 Julian Venezky shoots with his movie camera. 01:02:38 United Jewish Appeal official Samuel Rothberg uses his film camera. Title reads: "The Weizmann Scientific Institute at Rehovoth." CU hand a draws line on the map from Tel Aviv to Rehovoth. The delegation stands outside the building, then walks in. CU of sign with "Weizmann Institute of Science" written in both Hebrew and English. Title: "A visit with Dr. Chaim Weizmann - Israel's first President." Interior shot of Weizmann surrounded by people who ask questions and take notes. Title: "A bust of America's first President is presented to Dr. Weizmann as a gift from New York's Mayor O'Dwyer." CU of the bust. Men stand around and take photographs. Dr. Weizmann sits at a table wearing sunglasses as his photograph is taken. WS exterior of the building. People stand together for a group picture, and a man and woman stand on either side of Dr. Weizmann as he walks outside. Title onscreen reads: "The Beer-Yaakov immigrants' reception camp." Tents set up side by side. Shot of sign in Hebrew. CU of a man smoking a cigarette, people walk along the dirt road, and a woman pushes her baby in a stroller. CUs of two women; one holds a baby. Laundry hangs from lines outdoors. Shots of the UJA visitors touring the camp. Title reads: "At the threshold of the Negev: the damaged pumping station near Nir-Am." Shots from inside the pumping station show the sky and surrounding landscape. Four men from the UJA delegation stand together and inspect the buildings. Men exit a bunker fortified with sandbags. 01:06:47 United Jewish Appeal official Julian Venezky points into the distance. 01:07:01 Samuel Rothberg stands next to two other men. People stand together and talk and a group forms around soldiers sitting in a jeep. CUs of the soldiers as they smile and wave. Text onscreen: "Beersheba, capital of the Negev." CU hand draws a line from Rehovoth down to Nir Am, then further down to Beersheba. Truck drives down a dirt road, a man from the UJA group sits on a camel and locals talk with the visitors. 01:08:46 Title reads: "Arab prisoners in Beersheba." A man wearing a ghutra sits alongside a wall and talks to two soldiers. Other men in ghutras are lined up and guarded by a young armed solider. Title reads: "Michael Hanegbe, Military Governor of the Negev." Michael Hanegbe poses for the camera. Camera pans from a soldier's boots to his face as he stands at attention. CU sign in Hebrew on a gate. Men walk through the gate and towards a building flying the Israeli flag. Title card reads: "Jewish settlers lived in these trenches during the long bombardment of Beit Eshel, near Beersheba." People walk through the trenches, locals smile at the camera and a boy practices spinning his rifle as others, including Julian Venezky, watch. 01:10:40 Text on screen reads: "At the home of the American Ambassador James G. McDonald in Tel Aviv." Camera pans down from an American flag to a group of people standing around the flag pole. Ambassador McDonald (tall man with white hair) talks with members of the UJA delegation. In one shot McDonald's wife, Ruth, stands beside him. Aerial views of the countryside and nearby buildings. Title on screen: "Sabbath in Jerusalem." CU hand draws zigzagged line on map from circled Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. Aerial shot of the city. On the streets of Jerusalem a man wearing a shtreimel carries his baby down the street. Views of storefronts and buildings. Women and children play in a park. Title reads: "Scene of the Ben Yehuda St. bombing in Jerusalem, which claimed more than fifty lives." A shot of the street shows rubble where a building fell. Title card: All of the Holy City suffered severe war damage. Pedestrians walk past damaged buildings. Text on screen: "New immigrants living in Jerusalem do essential work." Men move stones, pour concrete, and lay down a new sidewalk. 01:14:19 Title: "Kibbutz Buchenwald, founded by survivors of the infamous concentration camp." View of camp. Two men carry a crib towards a building. Women sit and sew (burlap bags?) out of doors. CUs of women's faces as they sew. Members of the UJA delegation interview two boys living in the kibbutz. A group of children dance the Hora and men and women stand together smiling. Title on screen: "Injured soldiers recuperate at Nathanya [Natanya], Famed seashore resort." CU hand draws a line from Jerusalem up to the area around Pardes Hanna on a map. Young men using canes and crutches stand in front of a bus and pose for a photo. Members of the UJA delegation stand on the beach wearing suits and coats. Title reads: "Pardess-Hanna [Pardes Hanna], Israel's largest reception camp." Aerial view of camp. WS of people and tents, a woman watches her children while hanging laundry. Nice shots of children and the visitors as they talk with residents of the camp. Title on screen: "At the Haifa Technikon, they train for Israel's new Navy." CU hand draws line from Pardes Hanna up to Haifa on the map. CU soldier stands and salutes as an Israeli flag waves in the wind and several men in naval uniforms line up. Shot of the UJA delegation, many of whom carry cameras. The Navy trainees pose for a picture. Title on screen: "The busy streets of Haifa, Israel's great port." Buses drive up and down the street, a man stands and directs traffic, various street views. Text on screen: "These ships in Haifa's port have carried tens of thousands of immigrants." Boats move across the water. Women look out from the deck of a boat, pallets of boxes are moved onto a ship and a man drives a tractor that pulls more boxes. Men and women stand in a group and speak with each other. Title on screen: "Two hundred immigrant children live at this new reception center near Alonim." Shot of a building. CUs of children's faces, three girls walk together holding hands, and a large group of kids, many wearing identical hats, look at the camera. Members of the delegation talk and laugh with the kids.Title card reads: "The co-operative settlement at Nahalal in the Emek." Camera pans past a building to a truck driving up the road. A little girl holds a woman's hand as they walk along a muddy road with another woman. Palm trees, buildings and CUs of men at the settlement. Title on screen: "Kibbutz Gvat has more than 750 members." WS of a field, people walk along paths around the kibbutz and a man talks with a group of boys. 01:22:24 Title: "At the shores of Lake Tiberias, 700 feet below sea level." CU hand draws a line on a map from Haifa to Nahalal, then to Lake Tiberias. Aerial views of the city by the water and surrounding mountains. Title card reads: "Safad, high in the hills of Lower Galilee." CU hand draws line on map from Lake Tiberias to Safad and circles it. Men walk together down a road and shot pans across the countryside to overlook a city. Several shots of streets and buildings lying in ruins. Members of the UJA delegation walk around the deserted area. Title: "Crowds of young people pass through Safad on the way to the Trumpeldor celebration at Tel Hai." Young men and women, many carrying backpacks or shoulder bags, smile at the camera. A large group of young people walk down a road while older men watch them pass. Text on screen: "Founded by Americans, Kibbutz Ein Hashofet is named after Justice Brandeis." Camera pans down a tall, narrow building. Wide shots of surrounding area. Members of the delegation walk on paths leading past trees and several buildings. Two men stand together; one points and the other laughs. A man works on a brick chimney. Title: "Yemenite Jews at Lydda shortly after their arrival from Aden via 'Operation Magic Carpet.'" Men in traditional clothing stand together. Camera pans across men's faces as they sing. A woman hands out cups and an older man adjusts his Tallit. Title: "They dance a hora to celebrate their arrival in Israel." Men dance together and one watches, smoking a cigarette. Title card reads: "The long voyage home - UJA delegates leave Israel on the last lap of their 15,000-mile survey tour." Men and women walk across an airport tarmac carrying their suitcases. They board a Trans-Caribbean Airways plane as a man stands at the top of the stairs filming them. 01:28:08 Julian Venezky turns and waves at the camera from the doorway of the plane.
Interior shots of fabric factory machinery and workers. United Jewish Appeal officials tour the facility, inspect fabric produced, and converse with factory workers. Julian Venezky appears at 01:00:46. UJA men, including Venezky and Sidney Green (?), exit the factory. Some of the officials are women. Point of view shot from interior of a moving car, passing by a checkpoint with a sign in Hebrew. The cars drive past a fenced area, probably a camp for new immigrants. Pedestrians smile at the car. UJA officials, now out of their cars, talk to people on the street. The camera pans down to reveal that some of the people are barefoot. Children pose for the camera. 01:02:46 UJA officials view a landscape of farmland from afar. 01:03:43 The officials walk down a road, presumably receiving a tour. Samuel Rothberg, with thick dark hair, appears at the head of the group. The group sits on a grassy hillside. 01:04:10 Henry Montor sits on the right, wearing dark glasses. Julian Venezky sits on the left. They proceed with their tour, followed by two girls wearing shorts and carrying farm implements, who look back and smile at the camera. Interior shots of the group eating a meal. 01:05:16 Members of the group, including Henry Montor, disembark from a plane (perhaps arriving in Israel?) on a runway and are greeted by a small crowd. Men and women seated outdoors at a table smoking and talking. Golda Meir appears at 01:06:22. Shots of Henry Montor in discussion with another man. Another scene of the group eating a meal indoors. 01:07:08 The group stands outside the Hotel Gat-Rimmon. Henry Montor talks to Golda Meir. Nice street scenes shot from inside a car as it passes through town. The car moves into the countryside and stops at some buildings being constructed. Workers lay a foundation. CUs of two little girls and the workmen smoking. Julian Venezky, Henry Montor, and Samuel Rothberg talk. 01:09:10 the group tours a camp, presumably for new or not-so-new immigrants. Nice portraits of people, especially children, and shots of the tents where they live. A man and several children pose outside a makeshift hair salon. 01:10:44 Shots on board a ship. UJA officials speak with a sailor. Overhead shots of ship passengers with their belongings. They appear to be immigrants. Men unload luggage from the ship. Passengers wait to disembark, some waving to the camera. Men and women are disinfected with DDT. Women and girls look out of portholes. More passengers leave the ship. UJA officials board a small boat, followed by POV shots of the harbor from the boat. Camera scans the horizon; military ships can be seen docked in the distance. 01:15:11 Cut to factory workers manufacturing bathtubs. Wearing protective masks, they apply a powdered coating to the metal tubs before loading them into a furnace. The UJA officials inspect a factory, perhaps the bathtub factory? 01:16:00 More refugee camp footage. A woman holds a plate of food for the camera. A man inflates a balloon for some waiting children. An official speaks amidst a gathered crowd. Some individuals become agitated with him, and appear angry. A scuffle ensues. Shots of a row of cribs out-of-doors. Parents pose with their infants. CUs of people looking at and talking to the camera. Tents with laundry hanging outside. 01:19:08 LS of tents. More shots of children in cribs out of doors, with nurses. CU of sign showing mealtimes in French, German, and Hebrew. More shots of the camp's residents in various situations. 01:22:26 Interior POV from moving car in the countryside. Officials explore a small village, conversing with residents. Rothberg and Venezky inspect a small garden. LS of tents and small brick buildings under construction (new housing for the camp-dwellers?). Henry Montor helps to mount an Israeli flag on one of the buildings. 01:24:57 Interior shots of men talking in an office. External shots of the Jewish Agency for Palestine. Meeting in a conference room inside the building, where a large map adorns the wall. A group of people visit a small graveyard, followed by an abandoned building in a state of disrepair. The group reads a document held by a man in an IDF uniform. Shots of war damage on a building. Officials pose with an Arab man. They talk to two Arabs riding camels. More footage of ruined buildings. The UJA officials arrive by car at a large ivy covered building which has a sign in Hebrew, Arabic and English. The entire sign is too covered in ivy to read. 01:32:13 They tour the Weizmann Institute of Science and meet Chaim Weizmann. The group poses outside the building. Julian Venezky stands beside Chaim Weizmann in the middle of the picture.
Main title reads "A Visit to Israel by the Israel Bond Planning Commission." Members of the commission pose in front of a passenger jet. Henry Montor appears on the far left as you look at the screen. A banner reading "Shalom International Bond Leaders" adorns the entryway to the airport. Title card: "Tel Aviv, Israel's largest city and center of many industries." An Israel Bond Planning Commission bus passes by beach, factory, and residential property. The streets are thronging with cars, pedestrians and bicyclists. Members of the commission exit the bus and tour the Amcor appliance (?) factory. 01:02:10 A man is visible on the right filming the group. Workers use various types of machines. Close up of "Cyril Bath Co - Cleveland - Ohio" sign. Commission members admire a newly manufactured Philco refrigerator. The commission next visits the Sacksonia Spinning Mills. They again inspect the workers and machinery in action. They visit a vegetable-canning plant where assembly line workers can peppers. Title card: "Givat Brenner, one of the most prosperous farm centers in Israel". Establishing overhead shot of miles of farmland. Members of the commission sit on the grass. Women and children relax in a grassy courtyard surrounded by what appear to be apartment buildings. 01:06:41 The commission members board their bus. Title card: "The Jordan River is being widened and Lake Huleh is being drained to develop the country's agriculture." Establishing shot of a bridge over the Jordan. The river banks appear to be mid-construction, as the widening project has not yet been completed. Commission members tour the site; the wind whips up clouds of dust around them. A project official describes the project to the commission atop another bridge at a wider point in the river. The commission surveys the view: the river is wide, construction equipment litters the banks, a shepherd tends to cattle and sheep by the water. LS of the bus winding its way through the hills. Title card: "The Israel army is a great weapon for peace, training the new citizens to be successful farmers and builders." IDF soldiers march down the street. An officer guides the commission members around the base. A soldier repairs a tractor. Soldiers sit in a classroom, as the commission members observe. CUs of soldiers' faces. More shots of soldiers marching as commission members watch from the sidelines. 01:10:56 Julian Venezky appears in a close-up. He sits in a group of three men, on the left, wearing sunglasses. Soldiers, including a woman, stand at attention as the Israeli flag is raised. The bus moves on to its next destination. Samuel Rothberg, with thick dark hair and a patterned shirt, exits the bus at 01:12:01. Title card: "At the Weizmann Institute, scientists probe for new ways to develop Israel's resources." Pan down the sign on the Weizmann Institute. The commission gathers at the entrance for a photograph. They then gather in a conference room. Nice CU of Samuel Rothberg. 01:12:44 Title card: "Haifa is the greatest center of economic expansion, made possible by Israel Bonds." Establishing overhead shot of Haifa. A motorcycle policeman escorts the bus. Title card: "We went to see the new Z.O.A. house and the Haifa Technion." The Commission tours the interior of the Zionist Organization of America house. A man, presumably someone affiliated with the Z.O. A., delivers a speech to the commission in a conference hall, concludes, and shakes hands with the attendees. CU of a pamphlet about the Hebrew Institute of Technology. Title card: "The Haifa port is being enlarged. New harbor facilities are being developed with Israel bond money." Establishing shot of the port. A crane removes debris, as construction workers pass below. The commission surveys the Haifa port site. The camera pans the horizon, displaying a panoramic view of the port. Shots of a dried-up river bed. Pipes recede into the distance, from river bank to factory. 01:15:50 Title card: "When we visited the Druze village of Usfea we heard an eloquent speech from the mayor's son." Shot of the son speaking, followed by a shot of Julian Venezky accepting some food from a man wearing a head scarf. Samuel Rothberg shakes hands with villagers. CUs of Druze children. 1:16:59 Title card: "The largest single industry is the production of fertilizers and chemicals at this plant, built with the help of Israel bonds". Close up of a sign for "Fertilizers & Chemicals Ltd." Exterior shot of the chemical plant. Venezky and Rothberg look at machinery. Commission members tour plant, speak with workers, and survey machinery. Title card: "Yuval Gad is the great new concrete pipe factory that holds the key to the irrigation of the Negev. This too is a major bond project." The commission surveys the Yuval Gad workers and machinery in action. The results of the work, huge concrete pipes, are shown lined up next to one another. Title card: "Beersheba - the miracle city of the desert - where 20,000 Jews are building new homes and new factories with Israel bond funds." Commission members exit their tour bus in Beersheba. They approach and enter a synagogue, and are seen meeting around a conference table. They then visit newly constructed homes as residents approach the camera and converse with the commission members. Construction laborers at work. An exterior shot shows the location of the residences in relation to a nearby factory. Commission members tour the factory. A close-up of a sign reveals the factory as belonging to "Israel Ceramic Works Harsa Ltd." Employees work indoors, shovel outdoors, and move heavy bags by hand. The bus on the road once again: interior shot shows two commission members sleeping. Title card: "Jerusalem too is experiencing a new revival, becoming the center of a variety of industrial enterprises". Establishing shots of Jerusalem, including a building riddled with bullet and/or other war damage. The commission visits a key-making factory, Optic Rexa Ltd., Jerusalem Pencils Limited (employees of which are seen preparing pencils for shipping to Dulev Plastics, Toronto, Ont., Canada), and Popper Shoe Machinery Works, where commission members inspect shoes. 01:24:48 Title card: "At Herzl's tomb we were reminded of the great dream that was now an exciting reality." Commission members visit the tomb of Theodor Herzl. Title card: "Democracy is a living force in Israel, and this is best demonstrated in the parliament, known as the Knesset." The Commission is seen entering the parliament building. Low overhead shots of the Knesset in session. They sit in on a parliamentary session, in the public seating area. Title card: "We had a long conference with the prime minister and he was gracious enough to pose with the members of the commission." 01:26:18 Samuel Rothberg, with his arm around a woman, talks to David Ben-Gurion. Julian Venezky stands on the other side of Ben-Gurion. Ben-Gurion talks to other members of the commission, including Henry Montor. Title card: "We shall never forget that bus that was our home on wheels." Interior shots of the tour bus. Title card: " --- and we will never forget the amazing progress of the people of Israel in building a modern industrial nation." Title card: "This is only a fraction of what we saw of the great achievements of the bond drive, helping Israel to go forward to achieve economic independence." Final shot of the Israeli flag.
Titles onscreen: Shadows of Hate; produced by March of Time; for United Jewish Appeal for refugees, overseas needs, and Palestine on behalf of Joint Distribution Committee, United Palestine Appeal, and United Service for New Americans. Date onscreen: 1947. Streets crowded with pedestrians going about their business. The narrator states that "The comfortable ways of peace are once more being established," followed by footage of recreational activities. People buy goods at a department store, dress shop, cruise down a highway in cars, enjoy an amusement park and play on the beach. VO "The war is all but forgotten." 01:01:23 A concentration camp behind a barbed-wire fence. Jewish men, women and children in a barracks. Some sit in small, wooden bunk-beds as others read or wash clothes in a barrel. A woman hangs laundry outside beside the fence. A map onscreen shows the Jewish population for each European country "before the Nazi party rose to power in Germany in 1933." Nazi flags wave in the wind. Adolf Hitler, followed by various Nazi officials, walks down a long aisle as crowds on both sides salute and chant in unison. Good shots of Goering, Goebbels, and individual Germans in the crowd. The narrator states, "Hitler and his henchmen instilled in the German people an intense feeling of nationalism, convincing them that the Jews were responsible for all their troubles." A shot of Hitler fades into a Nazi flag which then fades into title cards stating some of the key Nuremberg laws (in English). 01:03:08 VO describes the rise of antisemitism as Germans ride through the streets waving Nazi flags during the April 1, 1933 boycott of Jewish shops. The front page of a newspaper reads: "Nazi Mobs Loot, Burn, Murder." Staged scenes of SA men arresting Jews (these scenes were used in the March of Time production Inside Nazi Germany, which was released on January 21st, 1938). More boycott scenes. The expansion of Nazism is illustrated with shots of Hitler saluting, soldiers marching and a map of Europe overspread by the Nazi threat. Local collaborators, called by the narrator "homegrown fascists," march past the camera with arms upraised in a Hitler salute. 01:04:17 Newspapers with headlines such as "Paris Freed!" and "Berlin Falls." A tank crosses in front of the camera with fallen buildings and debris in the background. Several buildings in ruins. Narration states that 5,700,000 Jews had been exterminated. Defeated German soldiers march down a road. Good CU of German POW with hands raised. Jews stand in a small crowd with their hands in the air. As the narrator explains lingering feelings of antisemitism in Germany, the large swastika on top of the Nuremberg stadium is blown to pieces. A small crowd stands by as a coffin is carried down the street. Feelings of grief and devastation are illustrated with shots of Jewish cemeteries, poorly marked graves, women weeping, and a man wiping his tears. A map of Europe states that 1,500,000 people survived. People carry luggage, stand in lines, and board open trains; all are waiting to "start life anew." Shots of a displaced persons' camp: people wait in lines for food and a boy rests his head on his mother's lap (possibly staged). 01:06:19 - 01:06:30 Despite the narration about the postwar situation of the Jews, the footage used here shows the prewar Jewish population of Ungvar (Uzhgorod), shot in March 1939 in Subcarpathia. See USHMM Story 4582, Film ID 2837. Nice houses on a hillside as the narrator says that Nazis were still living well off money made during the war. People laugh and drink at a lively nightclub. Staged scene of a girl asking her father why they haven't been helped and what became of all the things belonging to the Jews before the war. Her father explains that some was destroyed, some lost, and they still can't get back their old house. American soldiers and civilians on a rubble-littered street. Possibly staged scene of an old man surveying the destruction. 01:07:36 VO "Since the war's end, many momentous problems have claimed the attention of the Allied governments." Officials of the Allied powers meet in a crowded room. The narrator says that the Allies have been busy providing food for Europe and rebuilding destroyed industries and the question of the survival of the Jews has almost been forgotten. A sign on a building indicates that it is an American Joint Distribution Committee facility in Bamberg, Germany. People stand in line for soup, receive donated clothes and get medical care. A man wearing a scarf around his head receives a dental exam from a man wearing a uniform with AJDC and OSE patches on the arm. Men stand in the street and talk. Sign on a window reads: Dr. Richard Bernstein. A woman sits in her home and looks up at her husband sadly (staged scene). Street sign points the direction of a "Jewish Farm." Scenes of people at work on the Kibbutz Nili, the Zionist agricultural collective established on Julius Streicher's former estate in Pleikershof, Germany. Sttudents sit in a classroom as the teacher conducts a lesson in modern Hebrew. A map of Palestine fades into shots of sheep being herded, women gathering hay and people hoeing rows of plants. The narrator says that some 26,000 DPs have been settled in Palestine in the past year, with help from the United Palestine Appeal. Children help with the work. Cheerful workers harvest fruit. LS, then CU of a ship crowded with refugees. The DPs are greeted by friends and family once they disembark. Back in Europe, students sit in a classroom and receive training to travel to the United States. People on a boat smile and wave flags as they pass the Statue of Liberty. CU of the statue. The United Service for New Americans provides aid for those disembarking the ship. The narrator provides the example of Gertrude and Walter Hess, who receive help and are shown at their new jobs (caring for children with disabilities) and in their new home. 01:13:36 VO "But despite all that has been done, thousands upon thousands of Jews still remain in Europe." Staged-looking scenes of DPs as they sit in a poorly furnished room cleaning, preparing food, and sleeping. Shot of the exterior of the White House, followed by a shot of President Truman with others in the Oval Office. The narrator states that Truman has endorsed the campaign of the United Jewish Appeal. Newspaper article reads, "Eisenhower Applauds Aims in Opening Jewish Appeal." Eisenhower speaks at a podium with a UJA banner. Fade to shots of ill, newly liberated prisoners while Eisenhower encourages people to give money to the UJA.