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Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp scrip, 2 kronen note

Object | Accession Number: 2011.447.5.2

Theresienstadt scrip, valued at 2 kronen, owned by Chana Bruder Perlroth during the Holocaust. It was issued in Theresienstadt (Terezin) ghetto-labor camp in 1943. All currency was confiscated from deportees upon entry and replaced with scrip and ration coupons that could be exchanged only in the camp. The currency was designed by inmate Peter Kien and printed by the National Bank of Prague. Inmates received the scrip according to a 5-tiered distribution system or as payment for conscript labor arranged by the Jewish Council of Elders who administered the daily life of the ghetto for the Germans. It is unclear what, if anything, could be purchased with the scrip, which was printed in great volume. The Germans had the scrip issued to instill a sense of normalcy within the huge ghetto. Theresienstadt camp, located in German occupied Czechoslovakia, existed for 3.5 years, from November 24, 1941 to May 9, 1945. Approximately 140,000 Jews were sent to Theresienstadt; nearly 90,000 were deported to near certain death in the east, and roughly 33,000 died, most of disease and starvation.

1943 January 01  (issue)
issue : Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
Exchange Media
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Hatikvah Holocaust Education Center
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:07:49
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