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Pencil drawing of an internment camp guard at the fence created by a young German Jewish internee

Object | Accession Number: 1998.1.12

Pencil sketch created by 10-year-old Manfred Wildmann, depicting Gurs internment camp, where he and his family were held between October 25, 1940 and March 10, 1941. Before the Holocaust, Manfred lived in Philippsburg, Germany, with his parents, Heinrich and Rebecca, his siblings, Laure, Margot, and Hugo, and his maternal grandparents, Moritz and Nanette. On November 10, 1938, during the Kristallnacht pogrom, Heinrich was arrested and imprisoned in Dachau concentration camp for five weeks. On October 22, 1940, German authorities deported the Jews of Philippsburg, including the Wildmann family, to Gurs in unoccupied France, where Nanette died that December. In March 1941, Manfred’s family was transferred to Rivesaltes internment camp. Between November 1941 and April 1942, Rebecca secured placements for Laure, Manfred, and Margot in children’s homes run by relief organizations in unoccupied France. In the spring of 1942, Heinrich was transferred to a hospital in Perpignan, and Hugo was assigned to a work unit in Barcarés. During the late summer and fall of 1942, Hugo, Rebecca, her brother Sally, and his family were transported to Drancy transit camp and then deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center in German-occupied Poland, where they were all eventually killed. Following his hospital stay, Heinrich was also deported to Birkenau, via Drancy, at the end of 1943. Allied forces liberated France in August 1944. Moritz managed to survive the war in Gurs, while Manfred, Laure, and Margot remained in France until they immigrated to the US in 1947.

creation:  after 1940 October 25-before 1941 March 11
creation: Gurs (Concentration camp); Gurs (France)
Children's art
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Manfred and Sylvia Wildmann
Record last modified: 2023-08-28 09:14:57
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