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Florentyna Kosmider photographs

Document | Not Digitized | Accession Number: 1999.164.1

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    Contains 51 original photographs relating to Florentyna Kosmider's family before World War II and her experiences after the war.
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Florentyna Kosminder
    Collection Creator
    Florentyna Kosmider
    Florentyna Kośmider was born Ida Zelikowska on March 5, 1919 in Słonim, Poland. Her father, Jakub
    Zelikowski was a pharmacist and her mother, Rachela Kurchin Zelikowska was a housewife. Ida had one
    brother, Lowa Zelikowski, who was born in 1921. In 1937 Ida Zelikowska left Słonim for Warsaw to attend The
    Warsaw School of Commerce (Wyższa Szkoła Handlowa). During her studies she met and fell in love with a
    fellow student, Yechiel Henek Kołobielski. In August 1939 the couple left Warsaw for Słonim. They married in
    1940 when Słonim was under the Soviet rule. In June 1941 Germany attacked USSR and in December 1941
    they established a ghetto in Słonim. Ida’s father worked as a pharmacist in a hospital outside the ghetto. In
    June and July 1942 some 10,000 Jews were killed in Petrolewicze, near Słonim, Ida’s parents and brother
    among them. Ida and Henek Kołobielski left Słonim in May 1942 to join Henek’s parents in the Warsaw ghetto.
    They were smuggled in and found refuge in his parents apartment on Nowolipie Street. Both found jobs in the
    Schultz Firma, which gave them some protection from deportations to Treblinka. In January 1943 Ida and
    Henek escaped from the ghetto. Bronia Pijewska hid them in her apartment on 24 Bednarska Street in Warsaw.
    Bronia bought false ID papers for Ida under the name of Florentyna Solicka and for Henek under name of
    Antonii Królak. Krystyna and Władysław Stańczykowski were instrumental in hiding Ida and Henek as well.
    Bronia Pijewska and Krystyna and Władysław Stańczykowski were recognized by Yad Vashem as Rightious
    Among the Nations. In August 1944, during the Warsaw uprising, Germans arrested Ida and sent her for
    forced labor in Watenstadt, Germany. The US Army liberated her there on May 5, 1945. She returned to
    Poland to search for her husband, Henek. In 1946 Ida found out that Henek survived, settled in Munich,
    Germany and worked for the Jewish Committee there. He married another woman, assuming that his wife
    perished. Ida remained in Poland, married Mr. Kośmider, a Pole and had two children. In 1968 she and her
    children emigrated from Poland to Denmark.

    Physical Details

    1 folder

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    The Museum is in the process of determining the possible use restrictions that may apply to material(s) in this collection.

    Administrative Notes

    Donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1999 by Florentyna Kosmider.
    Record last modified:
    2023-02-24 13:32:23
    This page:

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