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Object | Accession Number: 2001.235.23

Textbook given to 8 year old Lejb Melamdowicz in school in Kobe, Japan, where his family escaped to safety with transit visas supplied by Chiune Sugihara, the Japanese consul in Soviet-occupied Kovno, (Kaunas), Lithuania. Leo was from Bialystok, Poland, where he lived with his parents, Icchok and Fejga. In September 1939, Nazi Germany invaded Poland. His father, a mathematics teacher and city council member, fearing arrest, fled to Vilna where Lejb and Fejga joined him in October. Vilna was initially transferred by the Soviets to Lithuania, until August 1940, when it was annexed into the Soviet Union. Having obtained the transit visas, the family left in December 1940, traveling on the Trans-Siberian Express to Vladivostock, arriving by boat in Japan in January 1941. Icchok then obtained visas for the United States, and the family sailed on the Hidaka Maru for the US, arriving in Seattle in April 1941.

received:  1941 January-1941 March
received: Kobe-shi (Japan)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Leo Melamed
Record last modified: 2021-03-08 15:47:38
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