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Cross-stitch table runner from a Jewish woman’s dowry

Object | Accession Number: 2014.490.2

Cross-stitch table runner that was part of Klara Stempler Greif’s dowry upon her marriage to Hersch Peretz Greif in 1910. Klara and Hersch were both born in Kolomea, Austria-Hungary (now Kolomyya, Ukraine) and had two sons, Maximilian and Ignacy. The family moved to Roman, Romania shortly after Ignacy was born, and were there when Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, starting World War II. Originally, Romania chose to stay neutral in the war. However, in September 1940, a coalition government came to power led by General Ion Antonescu and the Iron Guard, a nationalistic party which promoted violent antisemitism. Following this change in government, Romania officially joined the Axis alliance, and restrictions against Jews began to intensify. In Roman, Jews were spared from much of the antisemitic violence prevalent throughout the rest of Romania because Jewish leaders were able to influence the local Iron Guard commander through financial support. Nonetheless, Klara was still forced to wear the yellow Star of David badge, and was prohibited from moving around town outside of a few designated hours each day. Additionally, Ignacy was kicked out of school in Bucharest, and was a forced laborer in the German barracks. In August 1944, opposition politicians overthrew Antonescu and signed an armistice with the Soviet Union. Romanian troops then started working with the Allies. Following the ousting of the antisemitic Romanian government and the German military, Ignacy reenrolled in school, while Maximilian worked for an import-export company in Bucharest.

Date
creation:  1881-1910
Geography
use: Romania.
Classification
Furnishings and Furniture
Category
Household linens
Extent
1 folder
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Claudia Greif
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:24:08
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn159420