Pencil drawing of a soldiers marching in formation
Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:24:27
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn192222
Also in Wilhelm Bauman collection
The collection consists of correspondence, documents, and newspapers related to the experience of Wilhelm Baumann and his parents before and during the Holocaust in Austria, and Wilhelm's emigration to the United Kingdom in 1939, and deportation to Australia in 1940, and his subsequent release from interment camps and emgration to the United States. The colletion also includes artwork.
Watercolor of a 17th century wooden synagogue painted by Alfred Bergel in 1944 while he was a prisoner in Theresienstadt concentration camp. The Wooden Synagogue of Zabludow, Poland, was built in the 1630's. German troops invaded Zabludow on June 25, 1941, and burned the town center, including the synagogue. Bergel, a physician and artist, and his wife were deported from Vienna, Austria, to Theresienstadt on October 9, 1942. Alfred worked for the German in the artist's workshop at the camp. In his free time, he created portraits of fellow prisoners and of daily life in the camp. On October 12, 1944, he and his wife were transported to Auschwitz-Birkenau and murdered.
The Wilhelm Baumann papers consist largely of correspondence, immigration documents, educational records, identification documents, newspapers, and ephemera; related to the emigration of Wilhelm Baumann and his parents from their native Austria in 1939, his life in the United Kingdom and subsequent classification as an enemy alien, his subsequent deportation to Australia in 1940 on the Dunera, and his experiences in two internment camps in New South Wales and Victoria (Camp Hay and Camp Tatura). The collection also contains an extensive selection of his correspondence with other German and Austrian Jewish émigrés in Australia and elsewhere, his subsequent release the camps and activities in the Jewish communities of Victoria, and his immigration to the United States, including his reunion with his parents, in 1947.