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Design drawing by a young man who did not survive the Holocaust

Object | Accession Number: 1990.227.8

Design drawing, perhaps for a brooch, made by Janos Mezei, 17, a student in Budapest, Hungary, in 1939. Hungary adopted anti-Jewish laws similar to those of their close ally, Nazi Germany. By 1940, all able bodied Jewish males were required to perform forced labor. Janos was sent to Kaschau labor camp in Hungarian occupied Slovakia in 1943. After Germany occupied Hungary in March 1944, Janos was forced marched to Gunskirchen concentration camp, a Mauthausen subcamp in Austria. He was liberated by US troops on May 5, 1945. He was hospitalized, but passed away on September 2, 1945. The drawing was saved by his younger sister Magda, then 21, who obtained Spanish protective passes for herself, her mother Berta, and younger brother Gyorgy. During the forced move from a Jews only yellow star house to the ghetto in Budapest, Magda persuaded a Hungarian policeman to help them get to the Spanish safe house in St. Stephens Park, where all three survived the war. Her father died in a forced labor camp and most of her other family members were killed during the war.

Date
1939 June  (creation)
Geography
creation : Budapest (Hungary)
Classification
Art
Category
Drawings
Object Type
Design drawings (tgm)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Magda Lapedus, for her brother Janos Mezei
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:06:27
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn3018