Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Child's yellow skirt with heart patches made for an abandoned hidden child by her rescuer

Object | Accession Number: 2009.120.2

Yellow skirt with hearts and rickrack made for 6 year old Elzbieta Schwarzwald in 1944 in Lwow, Poland (L'viv, Ukraine), by Regina Mandel. In September 1939, Lwow was occupied by the Soviet Union; in June 1941, Nazi Germany attacked the Soviets and Lwow was occupied by the Germans. There were numerous pogrom and thousands of Jews were murdered. The Germans moved them into a ghetto where Ela's mother died of typhus. After March 1942, deportations to death camps were frequent and Ela's father escaped with Ela and his sister. He found a non-Jewish Polish couple who took Ela into their home in exchange for payment. The war ended in Lwow in 1944, but Ela's father never returned. Without payment, the couple did not want to keep her. Every day, they left her at the Jewish Committee office, in the hope that someone would recognize her. One day, Regina and Shmul Mandels saw her sitting there and took her in. They could not afford to keep her, and in December 1945, they placed Ela in a displaced youth center with other orphaned survivors. In July 1947, Youth Aliyah arranged the children's emigration to Palestine. The Mandels later emigrated to Israel and remained very close to Ela. Regina made many clothes for Ela, but this skirt was so unusual that she kept it all her life.

received:  1944
creation: Lwow (Poland) (historic); L'viv (Ukraine)
Clothing and Dress
Object Type
Skirts (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Aliza Bar
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:26:11
This page: