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Concentration camp uniform pants worn by a Hungarian Jewish prisoner

Object | Accession Number: 2011.449.1

Concentration camp uniform pants issued to Max Rottenberg while imprisoned at Buchenwald concentration camp in Germany in 1944 and 1945. Max, his parents, Albert and Anna, and sisters, Illus, Elisabet, Erna, Erzsebet, and Bozsi, lived in Dés, in the Transylvania region of Austria-Hungary (now Dej, Romania). Between February 1938 and August 1941, Max and his sisters, Elisabet and Ilus, relocated to Spišská Stará Ves, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia). In the spring of 1942, the Slovakian authorities deported Elisabet to Auschwitz concentration camp German-occupied Poland, and Max began living underground. In June, he escaped to Hungary with false papers, eventually returning to his family in Dés, where his father died in 1943. Germany occupied Hungary on March 19, 1944. Between May 3 and 10, Max, his mother, and his sisters, Erzsebet and Erna, and brother-in-law, Adolf, were forced into the Bungur forest ghetto, two miles from Dés. Max’s family was among those deported to Auschwitz in late May or early June, and Max arrived on June 9. Two weeks later, he was transferred to Buchenwald. On June 26, he was transferred again to subcamp Bochum (Bochumer Verein) to work in a steel factory. Bochum was evacuated on March 15, 1945, and Max was returned to Buchenwald. On April 11, 1945, Max was liberated by United States forces and returned to his hometown the following year. Max later learned that his mother, sisters, and most of his European relatives were killed in concentration camps, except for his brother-in-law, Adolf, who survived. In 1965, Max, his wife, and son, immigrated to Israel.

Date
issue:  1944 June 24-1945 April 11
Geography
issue: Buchenwald (Concentration camp); Weimar (Thuringia, Germany)
Classification
Clothing and Dress
Object Type
Pants (lcsh)
Genre/Form
Prison uniforms.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Avner Ben-Ner
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:26:52
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn39195