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Bloch Brothers (Fond 293)

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2010.3 | RG Number: RG-41.007

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    Contains correspondence and other documents relating to Jewish emigration and Jewish refugee help.The correspondence refers often to the Dutch Comité voor Joodsche Vluchtelingen (Committee for Jewish refugees). Max, Lippmann, and Albert Bloch, Jewish businessmen were born in Breslau, now Wroclaw, where they owned a large company until 1933. Forced by the Nazis, they emigrated to Amsterdam with their company. More or less immediately after their emigration to Amsterdam the Bloch brothers started helping other Jewish refugees who tried to leave Germany or other countries and looked for refuge in Latin America or the United States. The Blochs transferred hundreds of thousands in providing financial support, but also visa and paperwork to many of such refugees throughout the years. Their operations seem to have been successful in many cases, seen the correspondences which are part of the collection, but also documents how Dutch emigration policies often hindered escape. The correspondence refers often to the Dutch Comité voor Joodsche Vluchtelingen (Committee for Jewish refugees). The Bloch family escaped in 1940 to New York and Brazil.
    inclusive:  1937-1938
    Collection Creator
    NIOD Instituut voor Oorlogs-, Holocaust- en Genocidestudies

    Physical Details

    9,806 digital images : JPEG ; 7.7 GB.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    This material can only be accessed in a Museum reading room or other on-campus viewing stations. Museum staff and researchers are required to complete a User Declaration in order to gain access to the collection.
    Conditions on Use
    Fair use only. Copies of records will not be made available for any further publication to third parties without the written consent of the Institute.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Source of acquisition is the Nederlands Instituut voor Oorlogsdocumentatie, NIOD, (Netherlands Institute for War Documentation), Bloch Brothers, Fond 293. The collection was found on the annex of their former company address by accident in 1997 and was transferred to NIOD and has been successively restored and inventoried. It is not a complete collection, but a unique source illuminating Jewish emigration and Jewish refugee help. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received the collection via the United States Holocaust Museum International Archives Program in January 2010.
    Record last modified:
    2023-06-09 13:28:49
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