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Engraved medallion presented to Mordechai Chaim Rumkowski, head of the Jewish Council, by bakers in the Łódź ghetto

Object | Accession Number: 2010.74.1

Large engraved badge presented to Mordechai Chaim Rumkowski, the Älteste der Juden [Elder of the Jews] of the Litzmannstadt (formerly Łódź) ghetto in 1943 by the workers of bakery number 7, in recognition of his management of their bakery. It was acquired in postwar Germany by a United States serviceman. The ghetto was established in early February 1940 by the Germans following their occupation of Poland in September 1939. An Ältestenrat [Council of Elders] was appointed to administer ghetto services. Prewar Łódź was a thriving industrial city and the ghetto became an important manufacturing center. The Germans established nearly 100 factories and forced the Jewish residents to work for food. Rumkowski hoped that an economically valuable workforce would prevent the destruction of the ghetto and its residents. Łódź was the last ghetto remaining in Poland when it was liquidated in August 1944. Rumkowski and his family were transported to Auschwitz death camp on August 4, 1944, where they were murdered.

issue:  1943
issue: Litzmannstadt-Getto (Łódź, Poland); Łódź (Poland)
Object Type
Jewish medals (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Quincy Kirsch
Record last modified: 2023-08-29 12:53:30
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