Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Manual hanging hand crank coffee mill

Object | Accession Number: 1990.81.5

Search this record's additional resources, such as finding aids, documents, or transcripts.

No results match this search term.
Check spelling and try again.

results are loading

0 results found for “keyward

    Manual hanging hand crank coffee mill

    Please select from the following options:


    Brief Narrative
    Wooden, wall hanging, coffee mill of the type used in the Łódź Ghetto in German-occupied Poland from May 1940 to August 1944. Łódź was occupied by Germany a week after the September 1, 1939, invasion of Poland. The city was renamed Litzmannstadt, and in February 1940, approximately 160,000 people from the Jewish population were confined to a small, closed ghetto. All residents had to work, and many became forced laborers in ghetto factories. Eventually, nearly 100 factories were in operation. The major ones produced textiles, including uniforms for the Germany Army. In the ghetto, people attempted to maintain their normal lives, despite the increasing hardships. Women, when they were not laboring in the factories, worked to prepare food and do laundry for their families. These activities were made difficult by the meager food rations they received, and the lack of running water throughout most of the ghetto. Due to the severe overcrowding and scarce food, disease and starvation were common. The Judenrat (Jewish Council) were forced to administer the ghetto for the Germans. Judenrat chairman, Mordechai Rumkowski, thought hard work and increased manufacturing output would preserve the ghetto, but in January 1942, mass deportations to Chelmno killing center began. By the end of the year, half of the residents were murdered. In summer 1944, Łódź, the last ghetto in Poland, was destroyed, and the remaining Jews were sent to Chelmno and Auschwitz-Birkenau killing centers.
    use:  approximately 1900-approximately 1945
    use: Poland.
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
    front, metal plate on base, embossed : KSB

    Physical Details

    Tools and Equipment
    Object Type
    Coffee mills (lcsh)
    Physical Description
    Wooden, hanging coffee mill with a hand crank. The box-shaped mill is mounted on a rectangular, wooden baseplate which has small grommeted holes in each corner for wall mounting, and a small, metal nameplate nailed at the top. The mill is secured to the center of the base plate with six countersunk screws: four small perimeter screws and two larger centered screws with nuts. The top of the box has a door that hinges upwards, revealing a funnel-shaped hole, where the coffee beans are added, which extends into the metal burrs that grind the coffee. A flat, L-shaped, metal crank with a smooth wooden knob at the end is attached to the burr axle and a hand turned set screw, extends out from the front center of the box. A small drawer with a circular knob, used to catch the coffee grinds, pulls out from the bottom of the box on the front. There are remnants of blue paint overall but the back of the baseplate is unpainted. The wood is chipped and distorted throughout, and the metal pieces are heavily rusted.
    overall: Height: 9.750 inches (24.765 cm) | Width: 4.000 inches (10.16 cm) | Depth: 7.500 inches (19.05 cm)
    overall : wood, metal, paint

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Łódź (Poland)

    Administrative Notes

    The coffee mill was acquired by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1990.
    Record last modified:
    2023-05-31 12:45:57
    This page:

    Download & Licensing

    In-Person Research

    Contact Us