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Challah cover with an embroidered blue flower recovered by Kato Ritter from her neighbors

Object | Accession Number: 2010.442.5

Challah cover returned to 20-year-old Kato Ritter by her Catholic neighbors, the Oppel family, in Vilmany, Hungary, in July 1945. Kato’s family gave the challah cover to the Oppels to safeguard prior to their deportation during World War II (1939-1945). It was embroidered by Kato’s mother, Gizella Weissburg Ritter, in prewar Hungary. It was used to cover the two braided bread loaves, challah, at the beginning of a Shabbat meal. Nazi-controlled Germany occupied Hungary in March 1944, and one week later, 19-year-old Kato, her parents, David and Gizella, and her 17-year-old sister, Julianna, were deported from Vilmany to the Jewish ghetto in Košice, Czechoslovakia (now Košice, Slovakia). From there, they were transported to Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center, where everyone except Kato was gassed upon arrival. Kato was selected for forced labor, and sent to Peterswaldau concentration camp. The camp was liberated by the Soviet Army on May 8, 1945. That summer, Kato returned to Vilmany.

recovered:  1945 July
creation: Vilmany (Hungary)
recovery: Vilmany (Hungary)
Jewish Art and Symbolism
Object Type
Hallah covers (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Katie and George Frankfurter
Record last modified: 2023-04-11 15:21:00
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