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Hallah cover with an embroidered blue bachelor button flower recovered by a Hungarian Jewish woman from her neighbors

Object | Accession Number: 2010.442.5

Hallah cover returned to 20 year old Kato Ritter by her Catholic neighbors, the Oppel family, in Vilmany, Hungary, in July 1945. Kato’s family gave the hallah cover to the Oppels to safeguard prior to their deportation during the war. It was embroidered by Kato’s mother, Gizella Weissburg Ritter, in prewar Hungary. It was used to cover the two braided bread loaves, challah, at the beginning of a Shabbat meal. Nazi Germany occupied Hungary in March 1944, and one week later, 19 year old Kato, her parents, David and Gizella, and her 17 year old sister, Julianna, were deported from Vilmany to the Jewish ghetto in Kosice, Czechoslovakia. From there, they were transported to Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp, where everyone but Kato was gassed upon arrival. Kato was selected for forced labor, and sent to Peterswaldau concentration camp. The camp was liberated by the Soviet Army on May 8, 1945. Kato returned to Vilmany.

recovered:  1945 July
creation: Vilmany (Hungary)
recovery: Vilmany (Hungary)
Jewish Art and Symbolism
Object Type
Hallah covers (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Katie and George Frankfurter
Record last modified: 2022-06-08 14:50:45
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