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Oral history interview with Jacobo Garberis

Oral History | Accession Number: 2009.29.11 | RG Number: RG-50.590.0011

Jacobo Garberis, born in 1912 in Riendabas, Lithuania (possibly Rietavas, Lithuania), describes being the second born of four sons; growing up a traditional Jewish family, but not orthodox; his bar mitzvah; the German occupation of Lithuania in 1914; moving to Russia to escape the Germans; attending public and Jewish schools for two years; the Russian Revolution; his entire family contracting and surviving scarlet fever; returning with his family to Lithuania in 1919; living in Siauliai; joining the leftist Jewish movement Hashomer Hatzair and withdrawing from the group after a few years because he did not want to immigrate to Palestine; the political groups at that time; working in a factory then as a courier in the Jewish Popular Bank in Kaunas; his family’s immigration to Argentina; his arrival in January 1930; receiving help from HIAS; his father’s work as a shoe maker; working as an ironer in clothing workshops; joining the Communist party; being part of several clubs, including Hercules (a Jewish leftist organization), the Hebraica, and the Club Juvenil; reading several newspapers, including Di Presse, the Morgenshtern, La Vanguardia, and Roiter Shtern; the founding of a labor union for clothing workers in 1934; becoming the secretary general of the union; how all the members were Jewish; publishing all their publications were in Spanish because they were prohibited from publish anything in Yiddish; other people in the union, including Julio Liberman, Goldstein, Ziza Back and Levintal; Szmerke Kaczerginski’s visit to the union and not believing what the Russians had done to Jews; the strike of 1934-1935; getting married in 1936; his four sons, who did not experience Jewish educations; the new laws under Juan Peron in 1943; how the arrival of Italian tailors decimated the Jewish tailors’ businesses; trying to open workshops on a big scale in 1953; the union’s library; and continuing to attend several clubs along with his wife.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Jacobo Garberis
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, acquired from the Asociacion Mutual Israelita Argentina-Communidad de Buenos Aires
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:23:37
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