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Oral history interview with David Rozenfarb

Oral History | Accession Number: 2009.29.24 | RG Number: RG-50.590.0024

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

David Rozenfarb, born in 1904 in Kielce, Poland, describes being one of 10 (or 11?) children from his father’s two wives; growing up in a traditional family and attending “cheder” to learn about Judaism; entering the work force at age 16; joining the labor union of the tailors and becoming a Communist; the members of the union, all of whom were Jewish and younger that 20; union activities, including teaching reading and writing (in Yiddish) to the many workers who were illiterate and organizing cultural activities; the union’s principles; becoming a trainee under a tailor at age 13; getting married in 1929 and narrowly escaping imprisonment because of his Communist activism in Kielce on the eve of a May 1 celebration; going to Argentina with his wife in 1930 on a tourist visa; finding work as a tailor; the difficulty of life during the early 1930s; joining the trade union in 1934 and becoming its secretary; the strike in 1934; the relationship between the store owners and the needle workers; the 13-month salary and paid-vacation strike of 1948; how the unions changed during Peron’s presidency; not celebrating Jewish holidays but sending his three children to Sholem Aleichem School, where they all learned Yiddish; being present at the table in the Labor Department building when Eva Peron distributed 300 pesos to each citizen in need; the Labor Department and the labor unions during the revolution against Peron (Revolución Libertadora, 1955); the umbrella organization of the labor union; the shifting demographics of immigrants to Argentina; labor unions providing health insurance beginning in the 1950s; being a member of the RAT in the AMIA for six years; being active in the parents’ committee of the Sholem Aleichem while his children attended; supporting charities that helped Holocaust refugees; and the change in his perception of Russia during Stalin’s repressive administration.

Interviewee
David Rozenfarb
Date
1986 July 23  (interview)
Language
Spanish
Extent
1 CD-ROM.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, acquired from the Asociacion Mutual Israelita Argentina-Communidad de Buenos Aires
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Record last modified: 2018-05-04 14:20:16
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn42898