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Oral history interview with Frida Kaller de Gutman

Oral History | Accession Number: 2009.29.34 | RG Number: RG-50.590.0034

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Frida Kaller de Gutman, born in 1898 in Moisés Ville, Argentina, describes her parents, who came from a little town in Russia (now in Poland); her father’s business partner and brother-in-law Naftali Golumb (whose son Eliyahu Golomb was the chief architect of the Haganah); her father’s decision to move the family to the province of Santa Fe in Argentina in 1894; her family travelling eight weeks in a cargo ship to Buenos Aires and going by train to Palacios, the closest town to their colony Moisés Ville; the families of Moisés Ville, including the Teper, Szmulovich, Schapira, Vaksemberg, and Goldman families; her parents belonging to the “Litvaks” (Lithuanian Jews) of Moisés Ville; the birth of her brother Moishe in Moisés Ville; living with a group of 11 families in one section of the colony, while 24 other families (including the Rosenthals, Pavlovskys and Janajovichs) lived in another section; the farms, houses, and chores in the colony; the JCA (Jewish Colonization Association) providing the family a subsidy of 8 pesos per child, which was enough for food and to raise chickens; colonists being paid by the JCA to fence new farms for prospective immigrants in Monigotes and Bialistok; how each family of settlers received a cow, horse, and carriage from the JCA; the agricultural problems the colonies faced; birthing in the colonies and the lack of doctors and midwives; the schooling and libraries in the colonies; the teacher Jacobo Plotnik, who had come to Argentina to escape the pogroms, and his poem celebrating Argentina’s independence on July 9 (the poem is reproduced in the transcript entirely in Spanish, transliterated from Yiddish); studying advanced Hebrew grammar from a private tutor with three other children; ending her schooling at age 10 to do chores with her mother at home; the creation of the Kadima Society, which rented a hall, formed a children’s library, offered lectures, and developed a theater; Plotnik’s role as the director of Kadima; people in the Kadima founding committee, including Tevie Dolinsky, Yitkhak Dolinsky, and Tevie Trumper; Drerque Sroiaj conducted reading sessions with the children in the forest; getting married and moving to Las Palmeras; her husband, who did business in the Northern provinces; her two friends Ile Cohn and Kiva Pinetz; moving to Bialistok, first to the home of Jatkl Cohn; moving to their own home and their neighbors Rublik, Prigulsky, Leybale Zylberman, and Gutman; having two daughters; the Spanish flu epidemic that decimated Moisés Ville right after WWI; going to Rosario to give birth to a child who was born dead; deciding to move to Buenos Aires; the birth of her daughter on December 31; returning to Balistok; a poem in Spanish that lauds Buenos Aires; her father’s numerous connections to the Peronists and saving a friend from a fine and jail time; and moving back to Moisés Ville from Bialistok in 1931-1932 because the Yiddish school had closed in Bialistok and Frida wanted her daughters to continue studying.

Interviewee
Frida Kaller de Gutman
Language
Spanish
Extent
1 CD-ROM.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, acquired from the Asociacion Mutual Israelita Argentina-Communidad de Buenos Aires
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Record last modified: 2018-05-04 14:20:18
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn42907