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Oral history interview with Frida Kaller de Gutman

Oral History | Accession Number: 2009.29.34 | RG Number: RG-50.590.0034

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Frida Kaller de Gutman, born in 1898 in Moisés Ville, Argentina, describes her parents, who came from a little town in Russia (now in Poland); her father’s business partner and brother-in-law Naftali Golumb (whose son Eliyahu Golomb was the chief architect of the Haganah); her father’s decision to move the family to the province of Santa Fe in Argentina in 1894; her family travelling eight weeks in a cargo ship to Buenos Aires and going by train to Palacios, the closest town to their colony Moisés Ville; the families of Moisés Ville, including the Teper, Szmulovich, Schapira, Vaksemberg, and Goldman families; her parents belonging to the “Litvaks” (Lithuanian Jews) of Moisés Ville; the birth of her brother Moishe in Moisés Ville; living with a group of 11 families in one section of the colony, while 24 other families (including the Rosenthals, Pavlovskys and Janajovichs) lived in another section; the farms, houses, and chores in the colony; the JCA (Jewish Colonization Association) providing the family a subsidy of 8 pesos per child, which was enough for food and to raise chickens; colonists being paid by the JCA to fence new farms for prospective immigrants in Monigotes and Bialistok; how each family of settlers received a cow, horse, and carriage from the JCA; the agricultural problems the colonies faced; birthing in the colonies and the lack of doctors and midwives; the schooling and libraries in the colonies; the teacher Jacobo Plotnik, who had come to Argentina to escape the pogroms, and his poem celebrating Argentina’s independence on July 9 (the poem is reproduced in the transcript entirely in Spanish, transliterated from Yiddish); studying advanced Hebrew grammar from a private tutor with three other children; ending her schooling at age 10 to do chores with her mother at home; the creation of the Kadima Society, which rented a hall, formed a children’s library, offered lectures, and developed a theater; Plotnik’s role as the director of Kadima; people in the Kadima founding committee, including Tevie Dolinsky, Yitkhak Dolinsky, and Tevie Trumper; Drerque Sroiaj conducted reading sessions with the children in the forest; getting married and moving to Las Palmeras; her husband, who did business in the Northern provinces; her two friends Ile Cohn and Kiva Pinetz; moving to Bialistok, first to the home of Jatkl Cohn; moving to their own home and their neighbors Rublik, Prigulsky, Leybale Zylberman, and Gutman; having two daughters; the Spanish flu epidemic that decimated Moisés Ville right after WWI; going to Rosario to give birth to a child who was born dead; deciding to move to Buenos Aires; the birth of her daughter on December 31; returning to Balistok; a poem in Spanish that lauds Buenos Aires; her father’s numerous connections to the Peronists and saving a friend from a fine and jail time; and moving back to Moisés Ville from Bialistok in 1931-1932 because the Yiddish school had closed in Bialistok and Frida wanted her daughters to continue studying.

Frida Kaller de Gutman
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, acquired from the Asociacion Mutual Israelita Argentina-Communidad de Buenos Aires
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Record last modified: 2018-05-04 14:20:18
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