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WWI Iron Cross medal awarded to a German Jewish veteran

Object | Accession Number: 2010.458.3

Iron Cross awarded to Maier Firnbacher for bravery while serving in the German Army during World War I; it was issued in 1934. Maier was a cattle trader in Straubing, Germany, when Hitler came to power in 1933. Jews were forbidden to practice certain professions and in 1936, Maier's trading license was revoked. In 1938, he was forced to sell his farmland at a loss to a non-Jew. He got immigration visas for the United States for himself, his wife, Ida, and their 8 year old son, Manfred, but was arrested during Kristallnacht on November 10. He was released after three weeks in Dachau concentration camp. The family sailed from Rotterdam, Netherlands, on January 28, 1939 and settled near Washington, DC.

issue:  1934
commemoration:  1914-1918
creation: Berlin (Germany)
Military Insignia
Object Type
Medals, German (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Fred Firnbacher
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:25:17
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