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Oral history interview with Adrienne Schwartz

Oral History | Accession Number: 2006.70.104 | RG Number: RG-50.583.0104

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Adrienne Schwartz, born June 7, 1932 in Budapest, Hungary, discusses her family and schooling; her father’s job; early experiences with antisemitism; having good relationships with her neighbors, despite one of them belonging to the Arrow Cross party; her father being called into army service; her father being taken to a labor camp directly from the army; difficulties her family encountered after her father was taken away; watching the Germans march in during the start of the occupation in March 1944; being forced to move into a Jewish house with a yellow star on it in June 1944; the family who moved into her family’s house; her mother giving instructions every time she went out shopping in case she didn’t return; her father returning after escaping while journeying through Budapest on a deportation; a policeman and Arrow Cross youth coming to her house and forcing her family to move into the Budapest ghetto, while her father hid in their shed; witnessing the building of the ghetto walls; seeing all people between the ages of 16 and 65, including her mother, be forced to assemble in the courtyard of their building to for deportation; leaving with her sibling to live with her aunt outside the ghetto, until her aunt was deported too in October 1944, but returned soon after escaping deportation; moving into the ghetto with her aunt during late October; life in the ghetto; hearing Russian artillery; air raids; living in a Red Cross house for ten days; moving back into her aunt’s flat; liberation; and moving to Australia.

Interviewee
Adrienne Schwartz
Interviewer
Herta Imhof
Date
1990 November 08  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
1 sound cassette.
Credit Line
Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 11:00:12
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn43307