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Orden Bratstva I Jedinstva awarded to a Macedonian Jewish partisan woman

Object | Accession Number: 2011.108.11 a-c

Order of Brotherhood and Unity 1st class medal awarded to Jamila (Zamila) Kolonomos in recognition of her service as a partisan during the Axis occupation of Yugoslavia from 1941-1945. The medal was awarded to both citizens and foreigners for creation and promotion of brotherhood and unity when the resistance movement was divided by politics, nationality and other factors. On April 6, 1941, the Axis powers, Germany, Italy, Hungary, and Bulgaria, invaded and partitioned Yugoslavia. The Macedonian region, including Bitola where Jamila and her family lived, was occupied by Bulgaria. Jamila worked with resistance groups to fight the occupation and was forced to hide at night for her safety. On March 9, 1943, from her hiding place, Jamila witnessed the roundup and deportation of the Jewish community of Bitola. After a month in hiding, she went to the mountains and joined a partisan detachment. In August 1943, Jamila’s group became part of the Macedonian Partisan Battalion, which liberated a prisoner camp in Greece. In June 1944, a separate Macedonian brigade was formed. In August, Jamila was injured during a battle. On October 30, Jamila’s group liberated the towns of Ohrid and Struga, and a month later Macedonia was liberated. In December, Jamila served as an official at the Second Congress of Anti-Fascist Youth in Skopje. Jamila married a fellow partisan Chede Filipovski. Germany surrendered on May 7, 1945. Jamila returned to Bitola and discovered that her entire family had been deported and murdered at Treblinka killing center. In June Chede was killed in a motorcycle accident. In June 1947, Jamila married Avram Sadikario.

Date
1941-1945  (commemoration)
Geography
manufacture : Zagreb (Croatia)
Language
Bosnian
Classification
Military Insignia
Category
Medals
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jamila Kolonomos
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:22:28
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn43755