Pouch with a false base used by a German Jewish émigré to smuggle money out of the country
1939 July-1939 August
- Object Type
Pouches (Containers) (lcsh)
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Irene S. Woods
Leather pouch with a false bottom used to smuggle money out of Germany by Erna Schlesinger (later Summerfield) and her daughter, Irene, when they immigrated to the United States in July 1939. The pouch was originally used to store detachable men’s shirt collars at the turn of the Twentieth Century. Jews emigrating from Germany were not allowed to remove valuables or money from the country, so Erna glued approximately 1,000 Reichs marks (about $250 US dollars) to the underside of the false, cardboard bottom. On January 30, 1933, Adolf Hitler was elected Chancellor of Germany. Erna’s sister, Ruth, and her family were very concerned about Hitler’s policies so they immigrated to Palestine. Erna and Irene stayed in Berlin, with Erna’s parents, Jenny and Adolf Pelz. In 1935, Erna’s step-father, Adolf, died. Later that year, the Nuremberg Laws were passed, severely restricting the rights and daily lives of Jews in Germany. In July 1939, Erna and Irene said goodbye to Jenny at the Berlin train station before boarding the S.S. Statendam in the Netherlands. They arrived in the United States in August, and settled in Boston, Massachusetts, with Ruth, whose family had moved there in 1937. Irene married in 1940, and Erna married Martin Sommerfeld (later Summerfield). Erna tried everything she could to get her mother, Jenny, out of Germany, but was unsuccessful. On March 18, 1943, Jenny was deported to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp in German-occupied Czechoslovakia. On May 16, 1944, Jenny was deported to Auschwitz killing center in German-occupied Poland, and likely killed upon arrival.
Record last modified: 2019-06-12 17:20:31
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn4376
Also in Erna Meier Schlesinger Summerfield collection
The collection consists of a pouch and passport relating to the experiences of Erna Meier Schlesinger (later Summerfield) in Germany and en route to the United States before World War II.
German passport issued to Erna Meyer Schlesinger, July 1939, Berlin, Germany. "Deutsches Reich Reisepass" issued by the Director of Police, Berlin; letter "J" stamped in red ink; middle name "Sara" added; contains immigration visa Dutch border stamp, both dated July 13, 1939; quota immigration visa #134 for United States on July 13, 1939.