Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Drawing of a man using the latrine given to a Yugoslavian political prisoner

Object | Accession Number: 2011.174.8

Pencil portrait of a prisoner defecating in a concentration camp latrine given to 29 year old Ivan (Johann) Bole in Buchenwald concentration camp, where Ivan was held as a Yugoslavian political prisoner from November 1944 to April 1945. The artist was probably another inmate and it is signed N. Pinat, but nothing is known about him. Ivan, a Catholic, was a lawyer in Laibach, Yugoslavia (Ljubljana, Slovenia) when the Axis powers, led by Nazi Germany, invaded in April 1941. Laibach was annexed by Italy. Ivan went to Venice with the Slovenian Red Cross. In September 1944, he was arrested by the German SS for smuggling a radio transmitter into Trieste. In November, Ivan was sent to Buchenwald in Germany and assigned prisoner number 67186. He was assigned to work commando A6 in Wanz-leben am See. The camp was liberated on April 11, 1945, by US troops. Germany surrendered on May 7. Ivan lived as a displaced person in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, and emigrated to America in 1950.

Artwork Title
Man using the toilet, Buchenwald 1942
creation:  1942
received:  after 1944 September-before 1945 April
creation: Buchenwald (Concentration camp); Weimar (Thuringia, Germany)
received: Buchenwald (Concentration camp); Weimar (Thuringia, Germany)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Lorraine DeMaio
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:24:02
This page: