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Oral history interview with Valentina Sukalo

Oral History | Accession Number: 2005.595.49 | RG Number: RG-50.575.0049

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Valentina Sukalo, born in 1925 in Kiev, Ukraine, describes the beginning of the war in Kiev; the order for the Jewish population to go to Babi Yar; seeing her Jewish neighbors arrested by policemen; the looting of her apartment by Germans soldiers who soon after shot a Rabbi and other Jews who were walking in the street; her aunt’s request that her mother hide a Jewish girl during the Babi Yar massacre; seeing women forced into carriages and taken away by policemen; her relocation to work in Germany; working in an ammunition factory; sabotaging the production and then escaping to Magdeburg to stay with a friend; her arrest and transfer to Auschwitz; work carrying cobblestones; the broad range of nationalities at Auschwitz-Birkenau; hearing the screaming of people being burned alive; the smell of burning bodies; witnessing the murder of a girl by beating and dog attack; her transfer to Mauthausen; evacuation as Russian forces approached; and her escape and recapture, for which she was not executed because of advancing Russian forces.

Interviewee
Valentina Sukalo
Date
2008 August 02  (interview)
Language
Ukrainian
Extent
2 videocassettes (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:51:40
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn44956