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Oral history interview with Jože Hlebanja

Oral History | Accession Number: 2007.504.4.7 | RG Number: RG-50.592.0007

Jože Hlebanja, born in 1926 in Srednji Vrh in the former Yugoslavia, describes being a student in Ljubljana at the beginning of the war; the Italian occupation of Ljubljana; returning to his village in 1941; working with the Partisans in 1943 as a messenger between Jesenice and Planica; distributing partisan leaflets; escaping arrest on several occasions until he was caught by German forces in 1944; his transfer to the Gestapo in Jesenice for interrogation and then prison in Begunie; his transfer to Mauthausen concentration camp; the broad range of nationalities at the camp; his work in a rock quarry in Mauthausen; the execution of prisoners in the camp; his assignment to make lists of new prisoners; registering a group of Hungarian Jews; starvation in the camp at the end of 1944 and in 1945; a group of prisoners, the Leichentreger, who transferred the bodies for disposal; escaped Russian prisoners who were apprehended in the fields and executed; the camp hospital from which weak prisoners were taken to the gas chambers and some sick Slovenian prisoners were rescued by other inmates; the flight of SS camp leaders five days before the end of the war; and the governing of the camp by prisoners until the arrival of American forces.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Jože Hlebanja
interview:  2009 February 02
2 videocassettes (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-05-04 15:48:21
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