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Oral history interview with Leon Bratina

Oral History | Accession Number: 2007.504.4.15 | RG Number: RG-50.592.0015

Leon Bratina, born in 1932 in the former Yugoslavia, describes the forced relocation of his family in 1941 by German forces; their transfer to Celje, then the camp at Brestanica, and then to Slavonska Pozega where the Ustaša took over command; the conditions at Slavonska Pozega, including the poor food and brutal treatment by the Ustaša; their transfer to the camp at Osijek and then the village of Belo Brdo; Ustaša removing Serbs from their homes and offering the homes to Slovenians; Slovenians refusing the homes; Slovenian families living with Serbs in Serb houses; Ustaša forcing Serbs to convert to Catholicism under the threat of deportation; moving with his family to Borovac in 1943; the family’s work for a Slovenian in Borovac; their move to the village of Petrovci; witnessing the capture and execution of a black paratrooper by German soldiers; his work in the Serb village of Krmez; hiding when Germans took all males to the prison in Vinkovci; fleeing at the sight of Ustaša murdering Serbs; moving to the village of Bogdanovci where he worked for a Croat; the sight of dead bodies in the Drava river; finding the Romani quarter of Bogdanovci empty; remaining with his family in Croatia after liberation; a camp for German soldiers guarded by partisans in 1945; and returning with his family to Slovenia.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Leon Bratina
interview:  2009 February 06
2 videocassettes (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-05-04 15:48:23
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