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Oral history interview with Robert Moroder

Oral History | Accession Number: 2009.402.9 | RG Number: RG-50.654.0009

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Robert Moroder, born in 1926, discusses his family’s decision to stay in South Tyrol, Italy as Dableiber during the South Tyrol Option Agreement in 1939; discrimination against his family from members of the Nazi Party and those who chose to immigrate to Nazi Germany (the Optanten); the beating of Italian Fascist leaders in St. Ulrich by local Nazis following the Wehrmacht takeover in September 1943; the imprisonment of five prominent Dableiber from Val Gardena in 1943; his father’s imprisonment in Klausen; a German captain who saved the five Dableiber from deportation to a concentration camp; an attack on his house by local Nazis belonging to Südtiroler Ordnungsdienst (SOD); his mother’s death; being drafted into the Polizeiregiment Schlanders; being sent to Northern Italy to an SS commando unit in Feltre and Belluno; members of the Nazi party from Vinschgau Valley who belonged to the unit; the power of the local mayor Josef Anton (Gasthof Adlerwirt) in drafting people from the village, particularly Dableibers, into the army; his acquaintance with Dominik Moroder who was part of the SS headquarters in Florence in 1943-44 and was responsible for the deportation of Jews and killing and torture of partisans; the Italian police force’s (Carabinieri) search for Dominik Moroder who was hiding in the Val Gardena in South Tyrol; and seeing Dominik Moroder freely walk into the village in 1952.

Interviewee
Robert Moroder
Interviewer
Gerald Steinacher
Date
2011 April 09  (interview)
Language
German
Extent
1 videocassette (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:41:52
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn45407