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Oral history interview with Leonid Yufa and Nina Yufa

Oral History | Accession Number: 2012.10.1 | RG Number: RG-50.652.0001

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Nina Yufa, born in 1941, and Leonid Yufa, born in 1938, describe living in Kharkiv, Ukraine; their parents’ professions; how the KGB took Nina’s father; not being allowed to practice Judaism; the conditions under the Soviet government; how Nina’s mother tried to leave with her children; how Leonid’s family evacuated, except for his brother who was not allowed because of his mental disability; a massacre in Haika, the antisemitism in the Soviet Union, and how the interviewees’ parents were active in communist organizations (told by the translator and daughter of the interviewees, Irina Yufa); how Nina’s family was in Uzbekistan when the Nazis invaded Kharkiv and Leonid’s family was hiding in Siberia; the conditions in Siberia and Uzbekistan, including food and their parents’ jobs; returning to Kharkiv, where Leonid’s apartment was relatively untouched and Nina’s was destroyed; how Nina was sick with tropical malaria during the evacuation and was often sick as a child; being Jewish in the Soviet Union and how it affected their faith; being Jewish in the Soviet Union versus the United States; practicing Judaism after the fall of the Soviet Union; how Irina immigrated to the U.S. in 1991 and her family followed in 1993; antisemitism in higher education in the Soviet Union; Leonid’s thoughts on Hitler; the unfinished Jewish state Stalin planned in Siberia; and a monument that was built in Kharkiv.

Interviewee
Leonid Yufa
Interviewer
Alexzandra Caldwell
Irina Yufa
Mara Jevera Fulmer
Veronica Creed
Date
2010 November 07  (interview)
Language
English
Russian
Genre/Form
Oral histories.
Extent
1 DVD : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Mott Community College
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:37:43
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn45447