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Romani traveling wagon from prewar Czechoslovakia

Object | Accession Number: 1991.166.1 a-d

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    Romani traveling wagon from prewar Czechoslovakia
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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Wooden traveling wagon made for a Lovari family, a Romani people, who specialized in horse dealing in the Czech and Slovak regions. The wagon with metal hoops for a canvas covering was custom-made for members of the group in the mid-1930s. In 1939, there were about a million Roma in Europe. The Roma were judged as racially inferior by Nazi ideology and singled out for persecution by Germany, in ways that paralleled the treatment of Jews. The Lovari were imprisoned, made to perform forced labor, sent to concentration camps, and killed outright en masse. About 220,000, or one quarter of the Roma, were killed during the Holocaust.
    Date
    creation:  approximately 1935
    Geography
    creation: Czechoslovakia
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection

    Physical Details

    Classification
    Tools and Equipment
    Category
    Vehicles
    Object Type
    Wagons (lcsh)
    Physical Description
    Weathered, custom made, four spoke-wheeled wooden wagon with decorative carving. The each side of the wagon body is formed by three horizontal slat panels with thicker planks on the exterior vertically at approximately 1 foot intervals to reinforce the sides. Three large, metal hoops are bolted to the top edges of the wagon sides arch over the wagon to act as frames for a canvas covering. There are round poles attached to the front and back sides to which the canvas covering wood have been nailed. Some poles have canvas remnants and nails. There are worn footrests along the right and left sides. There are traces of dark olive green paint inside the carving that decorates the body of the wagon. There are traces of lighter bluish green paint on the legs and mud splashes above the wheels. Many metal fittings are rusted. Some boards are replacement boards. There is a 13'1" wooden pole to attach the horses.
    a: wagon
    b: metal bolt from wagon, stored separately
    c. metal piece with chain from wagon, stored separately
    d. metal piece from wagon, stored separately
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 108.000 inches (274.32 cm) | Width: 57.000 inches (144.78 cm) | Depth: 149.000 inches (378.46 cm)
    Materials
    overall : wood, iron, cloth

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The wagon was acquired by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1991.
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 17:50:31
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn4696

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