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Print 12 from a set of reproduced sketches by a French artist and concentration camp prisoner

Publication | Accession Number: 2012.71.2.12

Print reproduction of a sketch, from a set of fifteen, depicting exhausted prisoners being marched uphill while guards hit or shoot them as they return to Natzweiler-Struthof concentration camp in France, and published in 1946. The sketches were originally created in secret in the camp by Henri Gayot and the published set includes an introduction by Roger LaPorte: both members of the French resistance and prisoners in Natzweiler. Both men were marked “Nacht and Nebel”, individuals presenting a threat to German security that had been abducted in the middle of the night and were meant to be “vanished” in the camps. LaPorte was arrested by the German Sipo in February 1943 and detained as a political prisoner in several prisons then transferred to Natzweiler in July. Gayot was arrested by the Germans and sent to Natzweiler in the spring of 1944. As Allied Forces advanced on the main camp in September, it was evacuated and the prisoners were sent to concentration camps in Germany. Gayot and LaPorte were both sent to Dachau and later liberated by US troops in April 1945. The portfolio of prints was acquired by Manfred Hillmann, another Natzweiler prisoner. Manfred (later Fred) and his father, Hermann, were deported from Chemnitz, Germany, to Poland in October 1938. In June 1939, Manfred was arrested by the Gestapo. After Germany invaded Poland on September 1, Manfred was transferred to Buchenwald concentration camp in Germany. Manfred was sent to Natzweiler in March 1942, and in December, he was deported to Auschwitz III (Monowitz) in German-occupied Poland. The camp was evacuated in January 1945, and Manfred was transferred to Gross Rosen in Germany, and then Buchenwald where he was liberated by US troops. He learned that his parents and brothers were killed in Belzec killing center in April 1942.

Artwork Title
Retour de kommando
Alternate Title
Back to camp
Series Title
Struthof Natzwiller
Date
depiction:  1944 April-1944 September
publication/distribution:  1946
Geography
depiction: Struthof (Concentration camp); Natzwiller (France)
publication: Offenburg (Germany)
Classification
Art
Category
Prints
Object Type
Prints (lcsh)
Genre/Form
Portfolios.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Theodore A. Feintuch
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:28:30
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn47012