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Concentration camp uniform jacket worn by a Polish Jewish inmate in several camps

Object | Accession Number: 2012.356.1

Striped concentration camp uniform jacket worn by Bernard Klajminc and likely issued in Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp in November 1943. He then wore it until April 1945 in Warsaw, Dachau, and Mühldorf concentration camps. When Germany invaded Belgium on May 10, 1940, Bernard, his wife Bertha, and their children Marie-Jose and Henri, were living in Brussels. In August 1942, the family was arrested and deported to France. Bernard was deported to Pithiviers internment camp and then transferred to Drancy transit camp in Paris. Bertha and the children also were imprisoned in Drancy. On September 18, 1942, Bernard was deported as a forced laborer to Tarnowitz, Poland. In May 1943, he was sent as forced labor to Schopenitz, Poland. In November 1943, Bernard was sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp and, three weeks later, selected as forced labor for Warsaw concentration camp. On August 6, 1944, he was sent to Dachau, and then transferred to Mühldorf (Muehldorf) a few days later. In April 1945, he was liberated in Mühldorf by US troops. He returned to Belgium in June 1945. Bernard was the only survivor of his family. In September 1942, Bertha was deported under a false name and it is assumed she perished in a concentration camp. The children were removed from Drancy by the Union Generale Des Israelites De France to the Guy-Patin children’s home in Paris. In February 1943, Marie-Jose, 16, and Henri, 11, were deported to Auschwitz and killed upon arrival.

Date
approximately 1943 November-1945 April  (use)
Geography
issue : Birkenau (Concentration camp); Oswiecim (Poland)
use : Warsaw (Concentration camp) (Konzentrationslager Warschau); Warsaw (Poland)
use : Dachau (Concentration camp); Dachau (Germany)
use : Muhldorf (Concentration camp); Muhldorf am Inn (Germany)
Classification
Clothing and Dress
Object Type
Jackets (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Estate of Susan Soberman
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:06:46
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn47426