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Oral history interview with Barry Spanjaard

Oral History | Accession Number: 1999.A.0122.1458 | RG Number: RG-50.477.1458

Barry Spanjaard discusses his experiences of the invasion of Amsterdam, Netherlands in 1940; the antisemitic laws effected after that; his deportation with his parents to Westerbork in April 1943; the subsequent transfer to Bergen-Belsen in February 1944; his experiences in the camp, including the starvation, the kindness and selfishness of fellow prisoners, and his work as the message boy for camp commandant Josef Kramer; his family's release in January 1945 due to his United States citizenship; their immigration to the United States a month later; the experience of being a "celebrity" survivor due to a number of the interviews with the newspapers; his reaction to the segregation laws he encountered in Virginia in 1946; his experience writing and publishing his memoirs; his feelings of being part of the "lost generation" of children; lacking childhood friends; and the difficulty of coming of age in a concentration camp.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Mr. Barry Spanjaard
interview:  1983 April 12
1 sound cassette (90 min.).
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jewish Family and Children's Services of San Francisco, the Peninsula, Marin and Sonoma Counties
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 13:43:20
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