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Oral history interview with Marion Walter and Shlomo Liebeskind

Oral History | Accession Number: 2012.253.1 | RG Number: RG-50.708.0001

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Marion Walter, born in 1928 in Berlin, Germany, discusses her prewar family life in Germany; an incident in which her family was almost reported because she did not say ‘Heil Hitler’ to her teacher; attending a Jewish boarding school near Ulm with her sister from about 1936 - 1939; traveling with her sister on the kindertransport to distant relatives in England who sponsored them; arriving in England on March 16, 1939; attending a boarding school in Eastbourne, on the southern coast of England; reuniting with her parents in England; hiding during air raids and evacuating from the school and town; staying at a country home of a friend of the school’s headmistress; sleeping on mattresses in a converted dog kennel because of lack of space in the house; her father’s internment on the Isle of Man in 1940; his death in 1943; and being asked to teach mathematics at the boarding school in 1944 at the age of 16.

Shlomo Liebeskind, born in Poland in 1937, discusses his family’s relocation to a ghetto in their town; how they left the ghetto to live in a nearby village with his grandparents; how his uncle and brother were hidden in a barn for the duration of the war; his father and another uncle’s attempt to find safety in the Russian section; how he and his mother made it to Warsaw where an uncle was living under an assumed name; receiving false papers identifying them as Christian; his father’s arrival in Warsaw and diagnosis of Leukemia shortly after the war started; having to leave Warsaw to avoid being discovered by the Gestapo; living with Christian families during the war; hiding in “plain sight,” attending Church; living in Warsaw after the war until 1947; his family’s move to the Allied zone of Germany where they stayed in Munich for a year; his father’s death in 1947; his family’s return to Poland; their immigration to Israel; evacuating before the Sinai campaign; and how he never intended to become a citizen of the United States but stayed in the country for his career.

Interviewee
Shlomo Liebeskind
Marion Walter
Interviewer
Deborah A. Green
Date
2011 May 01  (interview)
Language
English
Genre/Form
Oral histories.
Extent
1 DVD.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Deborah A. Green
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:37:50
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn48150