- Fabian Brunner’s letter is the last letter written before he was transported to Auschwitz concentration camp, where he perished in June 1944. The letter, written while working as a forced laborer at an unidentified agricultural center, refers to his wife Sidonia Brunner being sent to Auschwitz concentration camp. The letter reflects Fabian’s anguish at not knowing the fate of his family. The woman to whom the letter is addressed is unknown but believed to be a Christian woman who was assisting or at least trusted by Brunner. The English translation of the letter was compiled by the donor's family.
1944 April 30
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Alex and Vanda Bruner
- Collection Creator
- Fabian Brunner
Fabian Brunner (1876-1944) was born on January 30, 1876 to Jozef and Karolin Brunner in Egyek, Hungary. He married Sidonia Lindner (1876-1944) and they had three sons: József (b. October 13, 1905), Mirko, Ladislav (Laci). They lived in Sombor, Yugoslavia, now Serbia. Fabian worked at an unnamed agricultural center as a forced laborer. On April 26, 1944, Sidonia Brunner was transported to Auschwitz concentration camp, where she perished. Not long after, Fabian was also transported to Auschwitz concentration camp where he perished in June 1944.
Fabian’s eldest son, József Brunner, was a writer and utilized the nom de plume József Debreczeni. He worked as the editor of the Hungarian daily Napló (Bácsmegyei Napló) in Subotica, 1925-1932 and the illustrated weekly Ünnep in Budpest, 1933-1938. József survived the war. After 1945, he was a contributor to Hungarian newspapers and wrote poems, plays, and novels. His play Indecent Street was performed in Budapest in 1933 and Change was performed in Belgrade in 1953. József was married to Lenke Brunner (née Rosenberg, 1910-1944). Lenke was born in 1910 to Isidor and Paula Rosenberg (née Linder) in Stanišić, Yugoslavia, now Serbia. She was transported to Auschwitz concentration camp where she perished in June 1944. All three of Fabian’s sons survived the war.
- System of Arrangement
- The Fabian Brunner letter is arranged in a single series.
Rights & Restrictions
- Conditions on Access
- There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
- Conditions on Use
- Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.
Keywords & Subjects
- Holder of Originals
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
- Legal Status
- Permanent Collection
- Donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2012 by Alex and Vanda Bruner.
- Funding Note
- The cataloging of this collection has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
- Record last modified:
- 2023-02-24 13:40:05
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