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Toni Heller collection

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 1995.A.0176

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    Toni Heller collection
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    Overview

    Description
    The Toni Heller collection contains documents relating to Harry and Toni Heller, who both were imprisoned in Westerbork transit camp from 1940-1945. Items include travel and work passes from Westerbork, certificates of good conduct, and a newsletter from the refugee camp. Other items include an interview with Commander Gemmecke of Westerbork, a testimony on life in the camp, and a brief biography and testimony written by Toni Heller. The collection also contains photographs of the Hellers and postcards.
    Date
    inclusive:  1936-1990
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Toni Heller
    Collection Creator
    Toni Heller
    Biography
    Toni Heller (born Theophila Ulman) was born in 1907 to Samuel and Leah Ulman. Her father owned a business in Berlin which manufactured coats and suits. Toni was educated briefly in England, before returning to Berlin to learn the corsetiere profession, and later married Harry Heller (born Schachne) in 1937. The couple owned a small wares business, which was completely destroyed during the Kristallnacht. Soon after, they decided to leave Germany for the Netherlands. They were stopped on their initial attempt, but on Christmas night, Toni and Harry traveled with two separate smugglers and were successful in reaching Amsterdam. Their stay was not long, however, and both were soon sent to Westerbork, which served as a refugee camp before Nazi occupation, and later transformed into a transit camp. Both Harry and Toni stayed at Westerbork through the duration of the war, working outside of the confines of the camp. They were liberated in April, 1945, but remained at the camp until July of that year, before moving back to Amsterdam to live with a friend. They eventually immigrated to the United States in 1975.

    Physical Details

    Language
    English Dutch German
    Extent
    12 folders
    System of Arrangement
    The Toni Heller collection is arranged as a single series.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The Toni Heller collection was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum by Toni Heller, as a result of two donations, made in 1994 and 2000. These donations were given separate accession numbers at the time: 1995.A.0176 and 2000.381. The two accessions have since been merged, and can be located under one accession number: 1995.A.0176.
    Primary Number
    1995.A.0176
    Record last modified:
    2023-03-30 15:12:16
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn500635