- The Emanuel and Louise Suessmann papers contain biographical materials, correspondence, identification papers, and photographs documenting the Suessmanns, their family members in Leipzig and Maßbach, Charlotte Süssmann’s deportation to Theresienstadt, and Emanuel Suessmann’s service in the Military Intelligence Division in Germany during World War II.
Biographical materials include birth certificates, certificates of good conduct, a vaccination certificate, a marriage certificate, a registration of address, photocopies of military certificates, an attestation of valued membership in the Jewish community, a citizenship certificate, and a death certificate for Bernhard and Louise Schwarzenberger and Mechel and Emanuel Suessmann.
Correspondence includes two letters and eight postcards from Charlotte Süssmann, first in Leipzig and later in Theresienstadt, to Jeannette Ritter in Switzerland in which she describes her concern for her son and her deportation to Theresienstadt. This file also includes a postcard from Ritter to Emanuel Suessmann in St. Louis relaying Charlotte’s news.
Identification papers include a passport and identification card for Louise Schwarzenberger and a driver’s license and postal identification card for Emanuel Suessmann.
Photographs include a picture of Emanuel Suessmann in uniform at Camp Ritchie in March 1945, three photographs of war damage in Mainz, Bad Munster, and Bad Kreuznach in July 1945, a picture of Max Süssmann’s gravestone, and a Polaroid of a Shabbos lamp.
- Collection Creator
- Emanuel Suessmann
Emanuel Suessmann (1910-1978) was born Emanuel Süssmann in Leipzig to Mechel (Max) and Scheindel (Charlotte) Süssmann. He was arrested and sent to Sachsenhausen after Kristallnacht and immigrated to the United States via England in 1940. He was drafted by the United States military, trained at Camp Ritchie, and served in World War II in the Military Intelligence Division in Germany. He married Louise (Lisl) Schwarzenberger (1907-2000), born in Maßbach to Bernhard and Meta Schwarzenberger, who had immigrated to the United States in 1939. The couple lived in St. Louis and had one son named Michael. Bernhard and Meta Schwarzenberger were deported from Nuremberg to Theresienstadt in 1942 and killed there in 1943. Scheindel Süssmann was deported from Leipzig to Theresienstadt in 1942 and killed there in 1944.
- System of Arrangement
- The Emanuel and Louise Suessmann papers are arranged as a single series: I. Emanuel and Louise Suessmann papers, 1909-approximately 1990 (bulk 1930-1945)
Rights & Restrictions
- Conditions on Access
- There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
- Conditions on Use
- Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.
Keywords & Subjects
- Holder of Originals
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
- Legal Status
- Permanent Collection
- The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received this collection from Michael B. Suessmann on January 6, 1999.
- Funding Note
- The cataloging of this collection has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
- Record last modified:
- 2023-08-28 07:51:56
- This page:
Also in Emanuel and Louise Suessmann family collection
The collection consists of a Shabbat lamp, documents, photographs, and photograph albums relating to the experiences of Emanuel and Louise (Lisl) Schwarzenberger Suessmann in Germany and the United States before, during, and after the Holocaust. Some of these materials may be combined into a single collection in the future.
Contains two photograph albums brought by Emanuel and Lisl when they immigrated separately to the United States in 1938 and 1940, respectively
Six pointed star shaped brass Shabbat lamp and drip tray brought to the United States, by Louise Schwarzenberger (later Suessmann) when she emigrated from Germany in 1939. Shabbat is a day reserved for rest and worship, and any form of work is prohibited. The Shabbat lamp is lit every Friday before sunset, usually by a woman in the household, and left burning until the following evening. Louise emigrated from Germany to St. Louis, Missouri, and found work as a hospital attendant. She joined her siblings, Maria, Kathe, and Kurt, as well as their families, who had immigrated in the wake of the 1935 Nuremberg Laws, which severely restricted the political, social, and economic rights of Germany’s Jewish population. Left behind were her parents, Bernhard and Meta Schwarzenberger, who were deported to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp, where they died in 1943. In late 1940, Louise married Emanuel Suessmann (1910-1978), a storekeeper and gardener from Leipzig, Germany. He had been imprisoned in Germany’s Sachsenhausen concentration camp in the aftermath of the Kristallnacht pogrom in November 1938. Six months after his release, he went to Kitchener camp (also known as Richborough Transit Camp), a refugee camp, organized and funded by the Central British Fund for German Jewry, for a year before immigrating to the United States. In April 1943, Emanuel was drafted by the U.S. Army, and beginning in September 1944 served in Germany with the War Department’s Military Intelligence Division, known as the Ritchie Boys, and was discharged in October 1945.