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Karmann family papers

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2000.137

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    Karmann family papers
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    Overview

    Description
    The Karmann family papers relate to the experience of the Karmann family aboard the MS St. Louis. The papers contain Cuban immigration cards for Richard Karmann, Sidonie Karmann, and Annemarie Karmman, as well as correspondence and passenger notifications written on Hamburg-Amerika Line stationery regarding the ongoing negotiations about the ships destination after being denied entry to Cuba. Handwritten English transcriptions of the correspondence is also included.
    Date
    inclusive:  1939
    Collection Creator
    Karmann family
    Biography
    Richard Karmann (1895-1980) was born on March 12, 1895 in Pressburg, Austria-Hungary. Richard married Sidonie Karmann (née Roth, 1908-2008) who was born on February 29, 1908 in Eperjes, Austria-Hungary. Their daughter Annemarie Karmann (later Ana Gordon) was born on April 13, 1935 in Košice, Austria-Hungary. Before the war, Richard worked as traveling coffee salesman. The Karmann family were passengers on the MS St. Louis. Upon being denied entry to Cuba and the United States, the Karmanns were among the 181 passengers who disembarked in Holland. They were sent to the Hey Plat Quarantine Center and then released. Three weeks later they were arrested and interned in the Westerbork transit camp in the Netherlands. Richard Karmann was sent to the Buchenwald concentration camp, which he survived. In 1944, Sidonie and Annemarie Karmann were both sent to the Ravensbrück concentration camp in Germany. Sidonie was issued the prisoner number 28056. Annemarie was issued the prisoner number 28055. Both survived and were liberated by the Swedish Red Cross. The family was reunited in Amsterdam, Holland, after the war. They eventually immigrated to Mexico where they joined Ana’s uncle. Her parents ran a silver shop in Mexico City. While in Mexico, Ana married and then divorced Enrique Bruner. They had four children, Daniel Bruner, Ethel Bruner, Jorge Bruner, and Silvia Bruner. In 1983, Ana moved to Los Angeles with her second husband, Mitchell Gordon. In 2009 Ana moved to Toronto, Canada to be closer to her son Daniel and his family.

    Physical Details

    Extent
    2 folders
    System of Arrangement
    The Karmann family papers are arranged in two series.
    Series 1. Identification documents, 1939
    Series 2. Correspondence, May - June 1939

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Cuba. United States.

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received these papers from Elizabeth Hedlund. Elizabeth Hedlund received them from Ana Marie Gordon as part of her work on the St. Louis project.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this collection has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-25 09:35:59
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn502419