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Oral history interview with Jola (Yetta) Gross

Oral History | Accession Number: 1998.A.0159.13 | RG Number: RG-50.472.0013

Jola (Yetta) Gross, a Jewish displaced person living at the Jewish home for adults in Paris, France, discusses her and her family's experiences in an assembly camp in Munkács, Hungary (Mukachevo, Ukraine), before being deported to Auschwitz concentration camp; her experiences on the railroad transport to Auschwitz; her memories of the entrance process at Auschwitz and a selection by Dr. Josef Mengele; how she received her tattoo, 7768, shortly after entering Auschwitz; how she participated in forced labor near Birkenau concentration camp; her memories of the Birkenau band playing at the camp gate for the prisoners as they went to and from work; how her brother worked in the special commando (or Sonderkommando), burning the bodies of gassed prisoners in the Birkenau crematoria; how she left Auschwitz in January 1945 on a transport into Germany; her liberation by Russian troops in Germany; how certain members of her family went directly to the gas chambers after entering Auschwitz; how she found her older sister in Budapest, Hungary after liberation; and her desire to live in Palestine. At the conclusion of the interview, David Boder asks Gross if she remembers seeing Roma in Auschwitz. She responds by saying that she remembered the area of Auschwitz known as the "Gypsy" camp, but never saw Roma there.

Jola Gross
David P. Boder
interview:  1946 August 02
1 sound cassette (60 min.).
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, acquired from the Library of Congress
Record last modified: 2020-04-07 11:00:07
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