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Oral history interview with Eva Button

Oral History | Accession Number: 1998.A.0159.21 | RG Number: RG-50.472.0021

Eva Button, born circa 1912 in Salonika (Thessalonike), Greece, describes getting married to an attorney in October 1939; having a child in May 1942; the German occupation of Salonika on April 9, 1941; the persecution of Jews in the summer of 1942; the creation of a Jewish ghetto in 1943; the restrictions placed on Jews; her husband fleeing to the mountains; entrusting her baby daughter to an Italian woman who turned the baby over to be cared for by a convent of the Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul; fleeing to Athens, which was occupied by the Italians; staying with her sister and then with her husband's relatives; reuniting with her husband in Athens; reinstating the Spanish citizenship she had held as a child; the German occupation of Athens on September 8, 1943; how many Athenian Jews went into hiding when the Germans ordered all Jews in Athens to register; living in fear; her husband’s successful escape by boat to Turkey and then to Palestine; being deported along with her brother and mother on April 12, 1944 to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp; being liberated by the British army on April 15, 1945; going to Paris, France and reuniting with her daughter; and preparing to join her husband in Tel Aviv.

Eva Button
David P. Boder
interview:  1946 August 05
1 sound cassette (60 min.).
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, acquired from the Library of Congress