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Oral history interview with Nino Barzilai

Oral History | Accession Number: 1998.A.0159.16 | RG Number: RG-50.472.0016

Nino Barzilai, born in 1892 in Salonika (Thessalonike), Greece, describes his family, which was originally from Portugal; working in the jewelry business in Spain from 1916 to 1936; returning to Salonika and his work selling fabrics for women's clothing; his wife and son; the outbreak of war between Greece and Italy; fleeing with his family to Athens, Greece; the German conquest of Greece in April 1941; obtaining Portuguese citizenship for himself and his family; life under the Italian occupation; the German takeover of Athens; enduring five and a half months of slave labor under German occupation despite his Portuguese citizenship; being deported with his family to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp; being evacuated by train in March 1945; being liberated by the American army from the train in Börgermoor; being a Jewish refugee in Paris, France, and deciding with his family to remain in France; finding work as an electrician; his son training as a carpentry; the help his family has received; and believing they survived because of their Portuguese citizenship.

Nino Barzilai
David P. Boder
interview:  1946 August 04
1 sound cassette (60 min.).
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, acquired from the Library of Congress