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Oral history interview with Genia Lebel

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.85 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0085

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    Oral history interview with Genia Lebel


    Interview Summary
    Genia Lebel, born in June 1927, in Nis, Yugoslavia (now Serbia), describes living in Nis until she finished kindergarten and the family returned to Belgrade, Serbia; the sudden bombing of Belgrade and the German entry on April 12, 1941; joining her old kindergarten teacher, Yelena, who was working for the partisans; obtaining documents and a new identity; the partisans' organization and their publication and leaflets; being arrested with Yelena on February 22, 1943; her interrogation and torture; being transferred through Serbia-Croatia to Mariburg on the River Drava and the conditions there; her escape, recapture, and transfer to a labor camp; assuming a new identity (Yoran Kalagy from Wiener-Neustadt); her assignments and how her translating skills helped her out on many occasions; going to Berlin, Germany and the bombardments there; how the Gestapo housed them in 31 Oranienburg near the Berlin synagogue that was burned during Kristallnacht; returning to Belgrade; experiencing survivor’s guilt; going back to school; working as a journalist for the paper Politika; seeing Jewish suffering, communism, and antisemitism in postwar Yugoslavia; being a political prisoner and writing a book on that period; being held on Goli otok and Sveti Grgur, where she experienced beatings and hard labor; and her immigration to Israel.
    Genia Lebel
    interview:  1991 August 07
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection

    Physical Details

    9 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Topical Term
    Antisemitism--Yugoslavia. Bombing, Aerial--Serbia--Belgrade. Communism--Yugoslavia. Guerrillas--Yugoslavia. Holocaust survivors--Israel. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. Identification cards--Forgeries--Serbia. Jewish women in the Holocaust. Jews--Serbia--Belgrade. Jews--Serbia--Nis. Political prisoners--Yugoslavia. Prisoner-of-war escapes--Serbia. Prisoners of war--Serbia. Prisons--Germany--Berlin. Torture--Serbia. Translators. Women guerrillas--Yugoslavia. World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Yugoslavia. World War, 1939-1945--Jewish resistance. World War, 1939-1945--Participation, Female. World War, 1939-1945--Participation, Jewish. World War, 1939-1945--Participation, Juvenile. World War, 1939-1945--Psychological aspects. World War, 1939-1945--Underground literature--Yugoslavia. World War, 1939-1945--Underground movements. World War, 1939-1945--Underground printing plants--Yugoslavia. World War, 1939-1945--Yugoslavia. Zionists. Women--Personal narratives.
    Personal Name
    Lebel, Genia, 1927-

    Administrative Notes

    Nathan Beyrak conducted the interview with Zani Lebel in Israel on August 7, 1991, for the Israel Documentation Project. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received the tapes of the interview by transfer from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History Dept. in February 1995.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:14:52
    This page:

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