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Oral history interview with Clara Ma'ayan

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.96 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0096

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    Oral history interview with Clara Ma'ayan


    Interview Summary
    Clara Minskberg Ma'ayan, born on December 7, 1915, in Rzeszów, Poland, describes participating in Hanoar Hatzioni; attending the Institute for Judaic Studies in Warsaw; becoming a teacher and worked in the orphanage headed by Janusz Korczak; the Germans entering Rzeszów and her family members being taken to do forced labor; the drowning of Jews on Yom Kippur in 1939; trying to escape the city with her father; the secret meetings of the Hanoar Hatzioni; working in the ghetto and the Judenrat; escaping to Lvov (Lviv), Ukraine, and reuniting with other youth movement leaders from all over Poland; going to Vilna, Poland (Vilnius, Lithuania) in January 1940; her father’s death from dysentery; obtaining false documents from the Japanese ambassador stationed in Vilna and a representative from the Netherlands; returning to the Lvov ghetto, where she worked; getting married; being taken with her husband to Czortkow forced labor camp for three months; hangings in the Lvov ghetto; leaving the ghetto with false papers; living with a Polish woman as a Pole and traveling to Warsaw, Poland; the ghetto in Warsaw; the uprising in August 1944; immigrating through Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Romania to Palestine on the ship Transylvania; her post-war family; and the relationship of Israelis with the subject of the Holocaust.
    Clara Ma'ayan
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection

    Physical Details

    8 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Topical Term
    Antisemitism--Poland. Drowning (Execution)--Poland--Rzeszów. Dysentery. Escapes. Forced labor. Hanging--Ukraine--L'viv. Holocaust survivors--Israel. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. Identification cards--Forgeries--Poland. Jewish councils--Poland--Rzeszów. Jewish ghettos--Poland--Rzeszów. Jewish ghettos--Poland--Warsaw. Jewish ghettos--Ukraine--L'viv. Jewish women in the Holocaust. Jewish youth--Europe--Societies and clubs--Congresses. Jewish youth--Poland--Societies and clubs. Jews--Poland--Rzeszów. Massacres--Poland--Rzeszów. Orphanages--Poland--Warsaw. Pogroms--Ukraine--L'viv. Star of David badges. Teachers. Typhus fever. World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Ukraine--Chortkiv. World War, 1939-1945--Jewish resistance--Ukraine. World War, 1939-1945--Jews--Rescue. Women--Personal narratives.

    Administrative Notes

    Nathan Beyrak conducted the interview with Clara Ma'ayan in Israel for the Israel Documentation Project. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received the tapes of the interview by transfer from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History Dept. in February 1995.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:14:56
    This page:

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