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Glass thermometer with cardboard case taken with Austrian Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2010.240.4 a-b

Thermometer and case brought by Viktor Stummer to Shanghai, China, when he fled there from Vienna, Austria, circa December 1938, following his release from Dachau concentration camp. He was imprisoned during Kristallnacht that November 9-10 and released after his sister secured him a ticket to Shanghai. He lived in the Hongkew ghetto and worked as a welder. Shanghai was liberated by the US Army on September 3, 1945. In 1949, Viktor emigrated to Canada and the next year he moved to the US where he married a fellow Shanghai refugee, Gerda Harpuder. They met in Hongkew in 1941 when Gerda asked Viktor to repair a candlestick. Gerda escaped Berlin, Germany, in early 1939 with her husband, Hans, and children, Ursula, age 14, and Ralf, age 4. Hans died of malnutrition in October 1945. Gerda and her family emigrated to the US in March 1947.

emigration:  1938 December
manufacture:  1935
manufacture: Vienna (Austria)
use: Hongkou Qu (Shanghai, China)
Tools and Equipment
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Yvonne Harpuder
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 21:51:09
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